Toxic Cosmetics To Avoid (Updated for 2018)

WRITTEN BY: joel.mackey On 05/29/2018 • Health

Toxic Cosmetics Guidebook

Toxic Cosmetics

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Cosmetics Dirty Dozen

After looking at 19 lists from scientists, researchers, websites, organizations, non-profits, beauty experts and others referencing the dirty dozen in cosmetics, we found one thing for sure, there isn’t a standard list. Sometimes an article or research paper would have the reference to Dirty Dozen but would have only 10 ingredients or 15 ingredients. We’ve accumulated the mentions of the most mentioned Dirty Dozen chemicals and will list them in order. 

This specific list of toxic ingredients that are being put in your favorite beauty products are something to take serious because so many people reference them and data says they’re unsafe. One thing is for sure though, many people reference one study by the David Suzuki Foundation and that sways the votes in that direction. It certainly seems like “The Dirty Dozen” cosmetic chemicals by to avoid by David Suzuki’s Foundation is the standard. Next to each chemical we’ll include the number of times we found it referenced. We’ll keep listing the other chemicals mentioned (dishonorable mentions) that didn’t make the dirty dozen as ones of the highest concern after the Top 12. After that we’ll list a few hundred more hazardous chemicals being included in makeup and cosmetics for you to know about with sources to find even more.

If you’d like to see the spreadsheet on how we accumulated the data to crowdsource a 2018 updated list to the Dirty Dozen for Beauty Products you can see the spreadsheet here.

Toxic Cosmetic Ingredients Spreadsheet Data

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Dirty Dozen in Cosmetics (crowdsourced version from 19 sources)

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  1. Coal Tar Dyes (Phenylenediamine or CI #####)  - 15 References
  2. Petrolatum  - 14 References
  3. Triclosan  - 14 References
  4. BHA & BHT  - 12 References
  5. DEA (Diethanolamine)  - 12 References
  6. DBP (Dibutyl Phthalate)  - 12 References
  7. Formaldehyde-Releasing Preservatives  - 12 References
  8. PEG Compounds  - 11 References
  9. Siloxanes  - 11 References
  10. SLS (Sodium Laureth Sulfate)  - 11 References
  11. Parabens  - 10 References
  12. Parfum (Or Fragrance)  - 10 References

    Dishonorable Runner Up Toxic Chemicals in Cosmetics
     
  13. Mineral Oil (Paraffin Oil)  - 4 References
  14. Propylene Glycol (PG) & Butylene Glycol  - 4 References
  15. Toluene (Coal Tars)  - 3 References
  16. DMDM Hydantoin & UREA (Formaldehyde-Releasing Preservatives)  - 3 References
  17. Oxybenzone  - 3 References
  18. Lead  - 2 References
  19. Ethyl Acetate  - 2 References
  20. 1,4-Dioxane  - 1 Reference
  21. Talc  - 1 Reference
  22. Retinyl Palmitate  - 1 Reference
  23. Titanium Dioxide  - 1 Reference
  24. Octyl Methoxycinnamate  - 1 Reference
  25. Benzoates  - 1 Reference
  26. Stearalkonium Chloride  - 1 Reference
  27. Triethanolamine  - 1 Reference

 

Click Here to see the other 200+ Toxic Chemicals of Concern in Cosmetics with common products they're found in and health issues that are suspected.

Click the categories below to see specific beauty product ingredients that are toxic:

Cosmetic Labeling

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There aren’t specific federal rules, laws or certifications for beauty products except for the FDA’s Cosmetic Labeling Guide, so you have to be careful with trusting everything you read on the front & back of your favorite cosmetic product’s label.

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Hidden Ingredients in Cosmetics

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There’s a lot to know about cosmetic product labels that you would most likely find surprising, disturbing or could potentially just make you mad. If you’re looking to see every ingredient on a cosmetic product like your favorite blush, eyeliner, lipstick or any other beauty product you won’t find it. If you’re looking how to hide ingredients from your new homebrew eye shadow you’ve whipped up, read on. Manufacturers are NOT required to list every ingredient on the product label. “Why?” you might ask. That answer, as you might expect is a little convoluted, but we’ll do our best in to explain it.

The three categories that don’t require ingredient listings for cosmetics are:

  1. Fragrance
  2. Flavor
  3. Trade Secrets

The FDA under their Legal Background for “Trade Secret” Ingredients explains fragrance and flavor ingredients as such, “fragrance and flavor ingredients do not need to be listed individually on cosmetic labels, because they are the ingredients most likely to be “trade secrets.” Instead, they may be listed simply as “fragrance” or “flavor””. Now I’ve seen a lot of people write articles and get all worked up about the “trade secret” exclusion and how a cosmetic company can just call it “other ingredients.” But, here’s the thing, if we take the FDA statements on their website as up to date, accurate and truthful they do claim that, “We’ve received only a handful of trade secret requests in the last 20 years and have granted such a request only once.” Only one request approved? Much ado about nothing it seems on that topic. However, if you really want to hide an ingredient on a cosmetic label, make sure that it has some applicability to flavor or fragrance!

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Organic, Natural and Herbal Ingredients in Cosmetics 

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Cosmetic Organic Labeling LawsEveryone feels all fuzzy inside when they see comforting words on all product labels like herbal, natural and organic. I even see people say with pride that they use all organic or natural products… great, right!? The problems is, on the FDA’s website under “Organic” Cosmetics the question is asked, “Does FDA have a definition for the term “organic”?”  The FDA’s answer is, “No. FDA regulates cosmetics under the authority of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) and the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act (FPLA). The term “organic” is not defined in either of these laws or the regulations that FDA enforces under their authority.” So there you have it, the importance of organic on cosmetic labels is really just window dressing. A fairly similar statement is made from the American Cancer Society on their Cancer Causes Cosmetics page which states the following about "natural", "organic" or "green" labeling, "Consumers should be aware that there is no evidence that cosmetic products labeled as "natural," "organic," or "green" are in fact safer than products that do not carry these labels."

If you’re still not convinced, even though this organic ingredient explanation is obvious in most cases, the FDA has this question listed about organic ingredients: “Are cosmetics made with “organic” ingredients safer for consumers than those made with ingredients from other sources?” The answer to that is, “No. An ingredient’s source does not determine its safety. For example, many plants, whether or not they are organically grown, contain substances that may be toxic or allergenic.” So basically, organic ingredients can still be toxic substances that may give you diseases, cancer, reactions or just a small rash. Don’t be annoying and brag to all your friends that your beauty products are organic, because that means nothing important. That means that any makeup, lip gloss, hair product or other cosmetics company can put calming words like natural or organic ingredients on the label, not really be truthful or consequential, and sell it.

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Cruelty Free Makeup & Cosmetic Label Loopholes

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Here’s another beauty product label trick that is near and dear to many hearts. In fact, this specific type of disclaimer is usually on the FRONT of product labels to make sure you see it and can feel great about helping animals. Cosmetic product labels with statements like “Cruelty Free”, “Animal Free Testing”, “Not Tested on Animals” are almost completely made up and the FDA doesn’t hide that on their labeling disclaimer called, “Cruelty Free”/”Not Tested on Animals” – Cosmetics Labeling. We’ll go ahead and put the important parts in quotes for you so you don’t have to go read through it all, but here’s the scary parts: “Consumers sometimes ask about use of claims such as "Cruelty-Free" or "Not Tested on Animals" on cosmetic labeling. Some cosmetic companies promote their products with claims of this kind in their labeling or advertising. The unrestricted use of these phrases by cosmetic companies is possible because there are no legal definitions for these terms.”

Okay, so in that statement it says it’s unrestricted to use “Animal Free” and similar claims, but a company isn’t going to just outright lie to you, right? Well here’s how they pull off the ole switcheroo on you to make sure you think all their products were created under “animal free” testing, it’s because often claims are made to “finished cosmetic products” and not the raw ingredients. The statement on the FDA’s site says, “Some companies may apply such claims solely to their finished cosmetic products. However, these companies may rely on raw material suppliers or contract laboratories to perform any animal testing necessary to substantiate product or ingredient safety.” There are more ways to get around the claims as well which are listed at the resource that is linked above, our point, don’t believe all of the “animal free testing” claims from cosmetic companies, it’s there to make you buy the product with your heart, not reality.

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Anti-Aging Cream & Serums Labeling Is Mostly Unregulated

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Another fun cosmetic labeling trick that everyone is buying up like crazy as the baby boomer population hits the time in life that they’re ready to rid of all signs of aging is Wrinkle Treatments, Anti-aging, Anti-wrinkle, etc. At this point, if you’ve read the other claims, you’ve probably guessed it, this cosmetic label subject is a bit murky and complicated too. This one is complicated enough that when I read the FDA statements it seems that many products in the beauty aisle should be classified as drugs, but I’m sure most are not. Seeing that there are many lawsuits where companies have been caught saying something effects your genes or alters your body in dramatic ways, this one is hard to provide clear advice or information on. But I can tell you what the FDA says about the matter. Under the FDA’s Wrinkle Treatments and Other Anti-Aging Products they state:

“Some products are marketed with claims that they will make people look younger. But are these products cosmetics? It depends.

  • Products intended to make people more attractive are generally cosmetics. For example, moisturizing is a cosmetic claim. So, if a product is intended to make lines and wrinkles less noticeable, simply by moisturizing the skin, it’s a cosmetic. Similarly, makeup or “primers” intended to make the signs of aging less noticeable just by hiding them are also cosmetics. 
  • But, products intended to affect the structure or function of the body, such as the skin, are drugs, or sometimes medical devices, even if they affect the appearance. So, if a product is intended, for example, to remove wrinkles or increase the skin’s production of collagen, it’s a drug or a medical device.

Under the law, cosmetics must be safe when consumers use them according to product labeling, or the way in which the products are customarily used. But the law does not require cosmetics to be approved by FDA before they go on the market.”

The part that really stands out that seems to be the most concerning is that the law doesn’t require cosmetics to be approved by the FDA before they are on store shelves and you’re buying them. Theoretically if a cosmetic product that diagnoses, relieves or cures a disease it is to be classified as a drug but it seems that many anti-aging cosmetic products are finding ways to skirt the rules or just ignore them entirely. So while these wrinkle creams, anti-aging products and age-defying serums are working their magic by effecting the function and structure of the skin, many are not classified as drugs.

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Anti-Aging Products Avoid Being a Drug by Concentration

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Another trick it seems for cosmetic companies to get their products by as “cosmetics” and not drugs is by using smaller concentrations as not to push the barrier into the “drug” zone. By staying out of the drug classification almost all hurdles are removed for a product to go to market. If a product is pushed over certain concentrations it also has to be sold by a dermatologist and not OTO (Over The Counter). For instance, here is a section from the FDA that describes how some specific chemicals are classified differently due to concentration amounts: “Alpha Hydroxy Acids and Beta Hydroxy Acids (AHAs and BHAs) and Cosmetics: To learn how products may be cosmetics if they contain these ingredients at low concentrations, or drugs if the concentrations are higher.” This is pulled from the FDA’s Wrinkle Treatment page linked above, but it also has links that go in more detail for AHAs and BHAs and how they can avoid being a drug. It's probably a good idea to look up concentration levels of important ingredients in your cosmetics to make sure that you know side effects and issues that are known when it's classified as a drug.

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Cosmetics Regulations & Laws

Cosmetics Regulation Has Come A Long Way...

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Arsenic Complexion Wafers sold over 100 years ago for anti-aging qualities

At least we're not still selling arsenic complexion wafers

Now, don’t get me wrong here, I think we’ve certainly improved from where we were a century ago but we have a long way to go for transparency, safety, regulation and truthfulness in the labeling of ingredients and the claims for products like anti-aging, makeup, mascara, lipstick, serums and pretty much every other beauty product on the shelf. If you’re looking for a laugh or want to bite your nails, here’s what was once a popular beauty product in America that was labeled as, “Perfectly Harmless” and made claims to give you brilliant eyes, skin of pearly whiteness, eliminates pimples, wrinkles, red nose, skin disease, you name it! What was this magic ingredient? Arsenic wafers! These were complexion wafers and you could be assured they were formulated by a Doctor named Dr. Ammett from France. I mean, at least we’re not allowing complexion wafers in the beauty aisles at Wal-Mart anymore… or are we!?

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Pinkwashing Cosmetics

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Pinkwashing in CosmeticsWhile luckily we aren't putting arsenic complexion wafers on shelves, we do still run into some odd conundrums in the cosmetics industry. There's a practice that has been noted by whistle blowers in the cosmetic industry that some companies and brands are Pinkwashing Cosmetics. It's not just a cosmetics product problem but is really in all consumer products. It has been said that the worst offenders of Pink Washing are in fact in the cosmetics line of business. If you've never heard of that term before, its essentially when cosmetics brands and companies promote Breast Cancer pink-ribbon products, change their cosmetic labeling with pink ribbons, support walks, marathons, events, causes and campaigns but ironically their products either don’t donate much to solving breast cancer or their products contain contaminants, toxic chemicals or carcinogens that could cause cancer and other diseases. We're not here to call out specific products or companies but we'd like to give you some information to know whether you're supporting a toxic pinkwashed cosmetic. An organization called Think Before You Pink helps to call out companies and products that are using the pink ribbon but still using toxic cosmetic ingredients in their products that could cause cancer. Educate yourself and only support products that are worthy of using the pink ribbon on their products.

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FDA vs EU's vs Health Canada banning of toxic cosmetic ingredients

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FDA vs EU vs Health Canada toxic cosmetic ingredients banned differenceSince 1938 the FDA has banned just 11 of 12,000+ ingredients in cosmetics. In the FDA’s list of Prohibited & Restricted ingredients you'll find the FDA 11 banned ingredients for use in cosmetics you can count them yourself, just eleven. The European Union has 1,371 ingredients in outright ban and hundreds more that are a “list of substances which cosmetic products must not contain except subject to the restrictions and conditions laid down.” Health Canada also has a list which is called the Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist and there are a total of 587 Toxic Ingredients that are "prohibited for use in cosmetic products." In addition to Health Canada's prohibited list they have a list with 82 more toxic ingredients that are restricted for use in Cosmetic products with a maximum concentration due to safety issues.

  • U.S. FDA has banned 11 ingredients for use in cosmetics
  • EU has banned 1,371 ingredients for use in cosmetics
  • Health Canada has banned 587 ingredients for use in cosmetics

To be unbiased here, there are some crazy toxic ingredients in the EU list that are not currently nor would ever be used in cosmetics or beauty products. With that said, there are certainly hazardous ingredients on that list that are definitely used in everything from eye shadow, mascara, lipstick, shampoo, conditioner and many other products. If the EU, Canada, Japan, Sweden and other countries think an ingredient is too toxic to put in your makeup or beauty products, don’t you think there might be something to take a closer look at? One ingredient that is likely making toxic makeup and cosmetics is formaldehyde which is banned by the EU, Japan and Sweden. The FDA has not banned formaldehyde and formaldehyde releasing agents in cosmetics or beauty products. The FDA certainly has a long way to go in regulating the chemicals that go into all these products we put on & in our bodies.

Toxic Substances Control Act by the EPA

While you might think there is legislation, rules, laws or regulation that monitor or constantly watch out for consumers in regards to ingredients they use in their cosmetics, there really aren't many. A lot of people remember new legislation that was updated to keep reports and test results to certain chemicals, mixtures or igredients. What most people don't realize is even things like the Toxic Substances Control Act updated on June 22nd, 2016 by President Obama's signature on Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act didn't have effect on cosmetics. Why? Well, the simple reason these new harsh rules had no change to how cosmetics are treated is because their excluded from 15 U.S.C. 2601 et seq. (1976). From the EPA's website they state, "The Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976 provides EPA with authority to require reporting, record-keeping and testing requirements, and restrictions relating to chemical substances and/or mixtures. Certain substances are generally excluded from TSCA, including, among others, food, drugs, cosmetics and pesticides."

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Can you trust Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) to be unbiased?

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Many people don’t mention the industry association that the FDA leans on for reviewing ingredients in makeup, cosmetics and beauty products. This group was formed in 1976 and is named The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR). CIR was founded by the Personal Care Products Council (which used to be the Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association). Cosmetic Ingredient Review Partnered with the FDAThe funding for CIR also comes directly from the council itself. The Cosmetic Ingredient Review states, “We review and assess the safety of ingredients used in cosmetics in an open, unbiased, and expert manner, and publish the results in the peer-reviewed scientific literature.” Really that sounds great and makes you feel a bit safer knowing there’s a big organization with scientists doing tests on the safety of cosmetics and putting it all up for review from unbiased scientific journals, right? Well, on April 24, 2018 the Women’s Voices for the Earth foundation revealed some ugly information about CIR and its unbiased approach. From the press release titled, “Report Exposes Industry-Funded Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Panel’s Failure to Protect the Public and Manufacturers” it states, “The CIR’s stated purpose is to assess the safety of ingredients used in cosmetics. But as the report points out, the CIR is green-lighting chemicals as “safe for use in cosmetics” that are linked to adverse health effects including allergies, hormone disruption and cancer.” 

One glaring example of a product everyone is familiar with is talc, or as you likely know it, baby powder. Even part of the product’s name makes you feel safer with the fact that it has the word baby in it, doesn’t it? Talc has been shown to increase the risk of ovarian cancer, mesothelioma, breathing problems and respiratory disease. The controversy isn’t new as concerns were brought up in the 1970’s. It was just recent that manufacturers started losing lawsuits to people that had ovarian cancer like in the case of Johnson & Johnson. According to Bloomberg, J&J is facing suits from about 5,500 ovarian cancer plaintiffs as of October 1st, 2017. Mind you, this is a product that has been deemed as safe as it’s been sold to consumers as safe for babies and feminine hygiene. It just goes to show it might not be the best idea to let cosmetic manufacturers and marketing companies be the judge if their beauty products are toxic or hazardous for human use. There are other cases like the talc case that have to make you question whether you can trust the “unbiased” Cosmetic Ingredient Review.

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Endocrine Disruptors in Cosmetics

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Often referred to as EDCs which stands for Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals are something we need to discuss. The reason we're discussing them is there are some endocrine disrupting toxic ingredients that are in beauty products. This can sometimes be referred to as estrogen mimicking chemicals, estrogenic ingredients, xenoestrogens or gender-bending chemicals but they all generally refer to the same issue. Some of the most common products in cosmetics and beauty products that contain endocrine disruptors are things like Makeup, Shampoo, Sunscreen, Skin Care products, Deodorant and hand sanitizer. We'll first list off the list of endocrine disruptors that are most common to be found in the daily cosmetics that you use.

List of common endocrine disruptors / estrogenic ingredients in cosmetics:

  • Parabens - found in cosmetics and personal care products as a preservative.
    • List of common Paraben chemical names found in cosmetics: propyl-, isopropyl-, butyl-, isobutyl-
  • Phthalates - found in cosmetics like synthetic fragrances, lotions and nail polish.
    • Chemical names to look out for in these products: DBP (dibutyl phthalate), DNOP (di-n-octyl phthalate), DiNP (diisononyl phthalate), DEP (diethyl phthalate), BBzP (bezyl butyl phthalate), DEHP (di 2-ethylhexl phthalate), DiDP (diisodecyl phthalate), DnHP (di-n-hexyl phthalate), DMP (dimethyl phthalate), DnOP (di-n-octylphthalate), Bisphenol A (BPA)
  • Pesticides - List of common pesticides used (not used in cosmetics) - DDT, endosulfan, synthetic pyrethroids, chlorpyrifos, atrazine, glyphosate
  • BPA - was found in many plastic products. At this point, this EDC is well known and often products are labeled BPA free.
  • UV Filters - found in sunscreen, lip balm, makeup with SPF, moisturiser with SPF List of common UV Filter chemical names found in sunscreens & cosmetics: octyl methoxycinnamate (OMC), 4-methylbenzylidene camphor (4-MBC), benzophenone 3, OMC
  • Triclosan - antibacterial soap, toothpaste, facial cleansers
  • Resorcinol - found in hair dyes and skin care products like eczema, psoriasis, corns, warts and acne.

How Endocrine Disruptors Work by NIH.govIf you're curious how endocrine disruptor chemicals work, we found a great graphic at NIH.gov to the left that shows the process laid out in an easy to understand graphic. What you'll see is what happens when a normal hormone interacts with a hormone receptor and then next to it you'll see what an EDC ingredient will do to that same hormone receptor. Essentially chemicals that are endocrine disruptors can act just like your normal hormone, take the place of it and be taken into the cell. If there is an EDC in your cosmetics that acts as a hormone blocker, it will reject normal hormones in your body. 

So why exactly should you keep your eye out on ingredient lists to try and avoid endocrine disruptors in cosmetics and beauty products? The main health issues that studies have found with various EDCs are in the areas of reproductive abnormalities like genital development and hypospadias, obesity, asthma, breast development in men, endometriosis, fibroids, diabetes and possibly endocrine related cancers. BreastCancer.org states in their article Exposure to Chemicals in Cosmetics, "Because estrogen can make hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer develop and grow, many women choose to limit their exposure to these chemicals that can act like estrogen." What scientists and activists have noticed are increases of endocrine disorders that point to increased exposure to these products over the last 20 years. Even things like low semen quality / count from men and bad development of sperm that is reducing the number of boys being born are showing up in higher amounts of cases. Lab tests still struggle to show that cancer is being caused by these endocrine toxic chemicals but it is certainly something to keep an eye on. When you find a cosmetic product or sunscreen that has any of these estrogen mimicking chemicals try and find an alternative. For instance, a simple way on how you can avoid endocrine disruptors with sunscreen is by purchasing a sunscreen that uses physical blocking chemicals in it like zinc oxide or titanium dioxide. With makeup and cosmetics you need to look for labels that say "phthalates free", "BPA free" and avoid synthetic fragrances. At that point, it's just a matter of choice whether you use a product with a potentially harmful ingredient in it. If you need to find if other toxic ingredients are in your cosmetics look at our more comprehensive lists.

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Websites & Resources for More Toxic Cosmetics Research

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While we have done our best to cover all the major ingredients in cosmetics, beauty products and personal care products there still will always be more to investigate and understand. We want to empower you with the best resources that you can have to get your research started on the right foot. One thing that is important is that if you are in a fragile position in life whether that's wearing lots of makeup, getting pregnant, breastfeeding, have an infant or just want to be as healthy and toxin free as possible, you need to be able to research your specific products and ingredients. The sites below will help you find credible information on potentially hazardous cosmetic ingredients and get you on that right path to uncovering the truth.

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Shampoo & Conditioner Ingredients to Avoid

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There's a product that you use at least a few times a week and some people are using every day that could be delivering some nasty toxic chemicals straight to your head. Shampoo! With so many toxic substances around us every day, we need to look to places where we can make a difference and grabbing that shampoo for a sudsy experience can be one of the quickest ways to avoid dangerous chemicals or ones that have impact on your health over time. Not every ingredient is a bad chemical in shampoo or conditioner, you just need to take a look and see if you have some of the known toxic ones. 

Looking at shampoo and conditioner ingredient labels for toxic chemicalsOne thing we should point out is that just because a Shampoo or Conditioner might be labeled as organic, natural or herbal based doesn't mean it's safe and doesn't contain chemicals that are bad for you. Read up on our information about how labels on beauty products use false statements and say things that may be untrue. Another thing to remember is that if you're using something like baby shampoo it might say a lot of calming things on the label, but remember, there are still ingredients to avoid in baby shampoo too. Use tools like EWG Skindeep to find out if your Shampoo Brand specifically has any ingredients to avoid. They types of health issues you can get from that bad ingredients in Shampoo and Conditioner are things like reproductive toxicity, allergies, disruptions to your immune system, endocrine disruptors effecting your endocrine system and cancer just to new a few.

If you're pregnant or breastfeeding a baby it's also very important to note which chemicals are in your shampoo or conditioner. There are specific ingredients to avoid in shampoo when you're pregnant simply because they target the reproductive system or can harm the development of your baby in the womb. When breastfeeding some of those chemicals can be passed on through your breast milk, these are also important things to take note of.

There are a few styles of lists out there for shampoo ingredients that are toxic or harmful with one being the "Dirty Dozen." We're going to list the most common ingredients you should be aware of and have as many as we think are applicable. Avoid these following ingredients in shampoo (for more information, click the ingredient to go to our comprehensive list and read it's health implications):

  1. Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS)
  2. Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES)
  3. Fragrance (Parfum)
  4. Cocamidopropyl Betaine
  5. Polysorbates
  6. Polyethylene Glycol (PEG)
  7. Potassium Sorbate
  8. Phenoxyethanol
  9. Retinyl Palmitate
  10. Ethanolamines
  11. Octinoxate
  12. Dimethicone
  13. Behentrimonium Chloride
  14. Quaternium-15
  15. Isopropyl Alcohol
  16. Formaldehyde-releasing Preservatives
    1. Glyoxal
    2. 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3-diol (bronopol)
    3. Polyoxymethylene urea
    4. Diazolidinyl urea
    5. Imidazolidinyl urea
    6. Quaternium-15
    7. DMDM hydantoin
    8. Sodium hydroxymethylglycinate
  17. DMDM Hydantoin & UREA
  18. Oxybenzone
  19. BHA

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Makeup Ingredients to Avoid

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If you've ever asked yourself the question, "Is makeup toxic?" Then you're in the right place because the answer is there definitely is toxic makeup out there. The problem with defining "makeup ingredients" is to some people makeup can mean many different types of products. What we'll do is cover the main products that you use to make that face, lashes, eyes and face absolutely beautiful. We'll start with the basics and then we'll get into overall toxic ingredients in makeup that you might find besides the main ones and summarize all of them down below in a list. If you want to investigate more, there are many other topics in this article covered and you can explore the vast amount of bad chemicals in not just makeup but all beauty products.

Checking Makeup Ingredients on Label to AvoidOkay, so let's go down to business, we'll start with foundation. In one of the core products of applying a good makeup regimine you use foundation which can contain heavy metals & titanium dioxide. Eye shadow that gives those eyelids that beautiful pop you need can contain formaldehyde, titanium dioxide, heavy metals and mineral oils with impurities. Eyeliner can also contain some fairly toxic chemicals with the most being heavy metals (like lead and arsenic) and carbon black for that color that really stands out. Moving on to another makeup product with toxic ingredients is blush for those rosy cheeks. Blush can contain bad chemicals in it like parabens, talc and mineral oils that have impurities in it as well. What's next? Ah yes, mascara for those luscious lashes which can contain formaldehyde, carbon black and D&C Black No. 2. Then we have the lips that needs to glimmer, shine and look youthful, right? So in lipstick toxic chemicals like lead, BHA and mineral oils can be found lurking in your favorite lipstick. In most of the the makeup products there are also chemicals in there that are endocrine disruptors in makeup, check out our main piece on endocrine disruptors and the dangers of them. Okay, that's a quick roundup of the basic list of toxic ingredients found in makeup.

The other important thing about all your makeup products is to understand mislabeling or over gregarious claims on things like whether you makeup product is organic, natural or herbal in the way it's made. This sounds comforting and like it would be healthier but you need to read up on the lack of laws with labeling in this section of our toxic cosmetics guide. If you have a favorite makeup product and you really want to know what is in that specific product we recommend checking out the EWG Skindeep site where you can put your brand and product name in their tool to get the full ingredient list with cautions on the really bad ones.

Now we'll list out in a list all those ingredients in makeup that are dangerous and toxic. Some people refer to the "Dirty Dozen" lists but we like to focus in on the products and then have the information link to the actual ingredient so you can get some more information on it to further your research. Here's a list of the harmful ingredients in makeup below (to learn more, click the ingredient name to go to our comprehensive list and read it's health implications):

  1. Heavy Metals
    1. Lead
    2. Arsenic
    3. Cadmium
    4. Mercury
    5. Aluminum
    6. Beryllium
    7. Antimony
    8. Thallium
  2. Titanium Dioxide
  3. Formaldehyde-releasing Preservatives
    1. Glyoxal
    2. 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3-diol (bronopol)
    3. Polyoxymethylene urea
    4. Diazolidinyl urea
    5. Imidazolidinyl urea
    6. Quaternium-15
    7. DMDM hydantoin
    8. Sodium hydroxymethylglycinate
    9. Methanamine
    10. Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHUT)
  4. Carbon Black
  5. D&C Black No. 2
  6. Parabens
  7. Talc
  8. Mineral Oil
  9. BHA 
  10. Fragrance (Parfum)
  11. Cocamidopropyl Betaine
  12. Polysorbates
  13. Polyethylene Glycol (PEG)
  14. Potassium Sorbate

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    Skin Care Ingredients to Avoid

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    The term "skin care" is a varied term and reference to it in what products that entails can be complicated. We want to cover some of the most toxic ingredients you could find in skin care products so that you can avoid them. With that said, there is a lot of ground to cover so let's go over a list of products that are typical for skin care. Popular skin care products are things like facial moisturizer, anti-aging face and eye cream, oil-controlling lotion, firming cream, skin smoothing treatments, skin exfoliation, spot lightening serums, face wash, redness reducers / rosacea products, hydrating oils, wrinkle reducers, brightening toners, face masks, pore refining treatments, sunscreens and many many more. That's a lot of types of skin care products that could contain harmful ingredients in them. We'll stick to the most common list of bad ingredients in skin care products and the others you can search by ingredient in our more comprehensive guide.

    Comparing Toxic Skin Care Ingredients At The StoreOne other area that is incredibly important to remember is that if you're pregnant, plan on getting pregnant or are breastfeeding a baby you need to operate by a different set of rules in avoiding toxic skin care ingredients. This is because some chemicals in skin care products directly effect fetal development, reproductive systems like sperm production, viability or health. The most vulnerable population with toxic chemicals in skin care products is definitely pregnant mothers and infants. We have a dedicated section to know all the ingredients you should avoid when pregnant or nursing, please refer to that.

    Before we get to the specific list of harmful skin care ingredients we also want to address one common issue with labeling of skin care products. The all natural, herbal and organic ingredient stamps of approval you see on many products. While these may make you feel safe about your skincare products don't let them confuse you or get you off track in looking up the safety of those ingredients. The reason for concern is because the FDA doesn't have any rules, laws or regulations to stop companies from putting this on the label if it's true or not. There are also not any specific guidelines for skin care products in classifying whether it's organic or all natural. Another thing to not get too excited about is when the skin care products are labeled antimicrobial, this just means more triclosan is probably added to them. To learn more about skin care labeling laws and the problem surround organic, natural and herbal claims please refer to our more in depth piece on it.

    One common reference people look for is the "Dirty Dozen" in skin care, which is great, but not comprehensive to just skin care. If you'd like to view our Dirty Dozen list you can check that out but reference the list below for a more in depth view of skin care products. When looking at the toxic chemical list for skin care products you can click the chemical name to take you to a more in depth analysis on that chemical:

    1. Oxybenzone
    2. Avobenzone
    3. Hydroquinone
    4. Formaldehyde / Formaldehyde-Releasing Agents
      1. Quaternium-15
      2. DMDM-hydantoin
      3. Diazolidinyl UREA
      4. Bronopol
      5. 5-Bromo-5-nitro-1
      6. Imidazolidinyl UREA
    5. Phenoxyethanol
    6. Aluminum
    7. Tetrasodium EDTA
    8. Triethanolamine (TEA)
    9. N,N-Diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET)
    10. Diethanolamine
    11. Ethanolamine Compounds
    12. Parabens
    13. Fragrance (Parfum)
    14. Diethyl Phthalate
    15. Triclosan
    16. Sodium Lauryl Sulfates (SLS)
    17. PEG Compounds

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    Soap Ingredients to Avoid

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    It's important to know what kind of ingredients are in your soap as it's a product that everyone uses every day. You might even forget about how much you use soap if you don't think about it in all it's forms. There is typical bar soap most people use in the shower, hand soap which can be liquid or bar soap, body wash soap that is liquid, body wash and hand soap that is foaming for use, baby soap that is formulate to be "safe", hand sanitizers that can sometimes stand in the place of soap use and there's also abrasive soaps for hard to clean situations like exfoliation and grease cutting soaps. That's a lot of soap to check on the ingredients to avoid, but we'll look at all the different soaps and list the chemicals in them that are reported to be most harmful. 

    Toxic Soap & Body Wash Ingredients to Stay Away FromYou'll need to do a little extra research if you're pregnant, breastfeeding or plan on becoming pregnant since some ingredients will be more dangerous for you and baby. The types of chemicals you'll want to be on the lookout for are ones that are effect the reproductive system, in some cases this can be important to know way before you start trying to get pregnant. Some toxic ingredients in soaps can change the amount of male sperm, viability, amount or vigor. To understand whether a specific chemical is soap listed below is cause for concern if you're pregnant, click the ingredient and look for the specific warnings for pregnancy, reproductive or development issues.

    One thing you'll find on your soap often is a marketing and labeling on the front that is aimed to make you feel safe. The front side labeling on soap will often say things like organic, natural, herbal or gentle ingredients and that probably leads you to believe that soap is safer and has less toxic ingredients. The problem with this assumption is it is usually not true. The reason for this is that the FDA does not have rules against using the words organic or natural on the labeling, meaning that any formulation of soap and it's ingredients can use the label information that they want. So be careful with what you trust at first view and look a little deeper and realize that you always need to investigate the ingredient list because there can be harmful ingredients lurking in there no matter what the calming labeling references say.

    A quick way to look at bad ingredients that are common across all beauty products including soap and it's different types si by looking at the "Dirty Dozen List" and seeing some of the top offenders. The overall cosmetics dirty dozen is not specific enough for just soap, so make sure you investigate further into your ingredients than just these basics! Here is the list of the following toxic chemicals that are in all types of soaps that you should be cautious about:

    1. Sodium Lauryl Sulfates (SLS)
    2. Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES)
    3. Triclosan
    4. Triclocarban
    5. Formaldehyde / Formaldehyde-Releasing Agents
      1. Quaternium-15
      2. DMDM-hydantoin
      3. Diazolidinyl UREA
      4. Bronopol
      5. 5-Bromo-5-nitro-1
      6. Imidazolidinyl UREA
    6. Fragrance (Parfum)
    7. DEA (diethanolamine) and Triethanolamine (TEA)
    8. Parabens
    9. PEG-6
    10. Propylene Glycol
    11. Polyethylene Glycol
    12. Benzalkonium Chloride (BAC)

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    Nail Polish Ingredients to Avoid

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    With nail polish you have to first think about the people that work with these products all day long at nail salons. Be thankful that you're not having to deal with this toxic group of chemicals on a day to day basis. But wait a second, if you're wearing the products, you might as well be working in a salon. It's important to understand the ingredients in your nail polish that could be hazardous to your health and avoid some specific ingredients that will keep you healthier.

    Looking at nail polish ingredients for bad chemicalsIn nail polish there is a group of toxins that are called the "Toxic Trio" or the "Big 3", these unhealthy chemicals are the following: Dibutyl phthalate (DBP), Toluene and Formaldehyde. If you can focus on just avoiding these chemicals in your nail polish you're going to be much healthier than most women out there that have beaufiful nails. So what's hiding in the big three that is so concerning? DBP is there to keep your polish from cracking and chipping but he hidden danger is that it is found by scientists and research to cause reproductive issues making this is clear issue for pregnant and breastfeeding moms or mom's that want to be pregnant in the future. Toluene is in your polish to make it smooth to the touch, wonderful right? Well the hidden dangers in toluene are birth defects, developmental problems in the womb, nausea, headaches, dizziness and more. The other ingredient of the toxic trio is formaldehyde and it sterilizes, embalms and and ultimately is what is referred to as a nail polish hardener. The hidden dangers in formaldehyde and the formaldehyde-releasers are that it has been found by scientists to be linked to lung cancer, nasal cancer and be an overall human carcinogen. 

    After you've tackled knowing the Toxic Trio in nail polishes, you can look to other ingredients which are listed below. While there are more than just what is listed below you'll be well on your way to a healthier you by focusing on eliminating the major toxic ingredients in your nail polish. For a quick way to avoid some of the worst chemicals in nail polish look on the label for Big-3 Free, Big-5 Free, Big-7 Free, 9-Free, 10-Free and Paraben-Free. If you've got nail polish in one of the #-free categories then you have won a big part of the battle in this line of cosmetics.

    Some of the toxic trio ingredients are also in the famous "Dirty Dozen List" but you'll also find other ingredients in there to avoid in your makeup, shampoo and cosmetics. For a comprehensive list of all the chemicals you can look at a longer list of the Toxic Ingredients to Avoid in Cosmetics, but for now, focus on this following list of 7 ingredients to stay away from in nail polish:

    1. Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) - in the Toxic Trio
    2. Toluene - in the Toxic Trio
    3. Formaldehyde & Formaldehyde Resin - in the Toxic Trio
    4. Camphor
    5. Parabens
    6. Triphenyl Phosphate (TPHP)
    7. Xylene

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    Mascara Ingredients to Avoid

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    Mascara Ingredients That Could Be ToxicIf there is one of those cosmetics that can really add some magic, it's mascara where it can extend those lashes and make them really stand out. It's that final touch that really can just make a difference to your overall makeup regimine. Unfortunately, just like with all cosmetics you buy, mascara has some ingredients that are lurking in the magic potion that can harm you, cause reactions to your skin, mess with your hormones, poison your reproductive system or build up toxicity over time in your body called bioaccumulation. We've looked at tons of different mascara products and other highly referred to hazardous ingredient lists and come up with a good consolidated focus of ingredients to stay away from.

    Some of the first ingredients that are ones that seem to be fairly common in the ingredient list of mascara that you should use caution with are the coloring processes to make your mascara add that splash of standout color to your lashes. Carbon Black (also known by many other names, click it to find out other names) and other types of pigments, colorants and synthetic dies. If you want to know the worst offender toxic ingredient in mascara it seems to thimerosal which is mercury-based. If you didn't already know that mercury is highly toxic to your body, now you know, and thimerosal is as toxic as it can get in mascara ingredients. Other common ingredients found in other makeup products are things like fragrance (parfum), parabens, phthalates and formaldehyde. Unfortunately, those are all ingredients that seem to show up in many different types of beauty products but they're also in mascara so keep your eye out for those. One other stand out one that is referred to a lot as being in mascara and is dangerous to your health is retinyl acetate / retinyl palmitate.

    Other considerations for ingredients that you want to avoid in your mascara collection are things like pregnancy and breastfeeding. There are big implications here because some products are endocrine disruptors and can effect the reproductive system and development of the fetus. Even if you're planning on getting pregnant, make sure your mascara doesn't contain EDCs (endocrine disruptors) in them.

    You can always look at the worst offenders for all beauty products, but you'll notice some repeats on the "Dirty Dozen List" that are also in your mascara. Be careful as well with labeling on your mascara that might say that natural ingredients or organic ingredients were used since there isn't a labeling law to restrict a company from putting this on your mascara! Here's a list of the following 16 toxic ingredients in mascara to avoid:

    1. Carbon Black
    2. Pigments / Colorants / Synthetic Dyes
    3. Retinyl Acetate / Retinyl Palmitate
    4. Aluminum Powder
    5. Thimerosal
    6. Parabens
    7. Formalin
    8. Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT)
    9. Phthalates
    10. Dioxane
    11. Formaldehyde
    12. Prime Yellow Carnauba Wax
    13. Benzalkonium Chloride (BAC)
    14. Propylene Glycol
    15. Triethanolamine
    16. Fragrance (Parfum)

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    Foundation Ingredients to Avoid

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    One thing you'll notice if you do some research on foundation ingredients and the ones you should steer clear from is that most people just reference makeup or cosmetics. This seems to be a problem because it doesn't let you laser in on the actual ingredients in foundation that are toxic. What we've done instead is look at a range of middle level to worst level of offenders in regards to toxic ingredients and come up with a list that will show you the more common toxic ingredients you'll find in foundation makeup products.

    One ingredient that stood out as a toxic offender in many foundations whether they were stick, powder or liquid was a chemical ingredient in the Paraben family called Propylparaben. For some reason this one ingredient shows up in a very high amount of foundation products and it was shocking to see how many actually kept coming up with that ingredient in it. This ingredient is used for fragrance and preservation but is a high offender in the endocrine disruption category, to learn more click on the name and get the details on this one. The others that came up a lot in many foundation that are hazardous are PEGs, Retinyl Palmitate, Phenoxyethanol and Octinoxate. 

    The ingredients that are EDCs (endocrine disruptors) should really cause you alarm if you are either pregnant, plan on becoming pregnant or are breastfeeding. These cause developmental issues with a baby in the womb, reproductive problems and sometimes even cancer. Don't let yourself be food by fancy labeling or things that say they are "all natural", "organic" or other safety words. Why ignore those labels? The FDA does not place any laws on what the requirements for those labels are so anyone can call their product natural or organic.

    There are more ingredients you should be concerned with but those are covered in other types of cosmetics listed in this article. One thing you can do is focus on the "Dirty Dozen List" which you'll also find some ingredients repeated there from these toxic foundation chemicals. Here is the list of the top ingredients that you should use caution with that are showing up in all types of makeup foundation:

    1. Propylparaben (Parabens)
    2. Parabens (many types of Parabens were in foundation)
    3. PEGs (containing Ethylene Oxide, 1,4-dixoane as contaminants)
    4. Retinyl Palmitate / Retinyl Acetate
    5. Phenoxyethanol
    6. Octinoxate
    7. Fragrance (Parfum)
    8. Benzyl Alcohol
    9. BHT
    10. PTFE (Teflon)
    11. Geraniol
    12. Imidazolidinyl Urea
    13. Citronellol (and other types of citronells)
    14. Linalool

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    Makeup Remover Ingredients to Avoid

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    It's interesting looking at other sites that talk about the ingredients you should avoid in makeup remover and makeup wipes because when you look at the actual ingredients and toxins, many don't match up. One thing we did see over and over again is that lots of dermatologists feel that makeup wipes are bad for your skin. The truth is though, if you need a way to clean that makeup off before you go to bed, it's a lot better than going to sleep with makeup full of toxins on your face! So to find more accurate date we decided to do some digging and went through a list of the Top 30 offenders in makeup remover products and list the chemicals that were in them that were in a medium to high range of health effects. We'll get that final list of ingredients you need to look for on your makeup remover package at the end of this section.

    Bad Chemicals in your Makeup RemoverOne thing you can do to help your health if you use makeup wipes or makeup remover is really simple and you might already do it. It is simply washing your face with water to remove the chemicals left behind by the cleaning solution or wipe. Letting those hazardous ingredients sit on your face all night long is really what does the worst damage to your health. Honestly, we figured most everyone washed their face with water after using makeup removers but it seems like it may not be as common as we thought. Another thing you can do when using makeup remover or wipe is to avoid the chemicals touching the most sensitive areas that will absorb the chemicals, those areas are your eyes and lips.

    An easy ingredient to try and avoid in your makeup remover is alcohol, so look for alcohol-free makeup removers as it won't dry out your skin as much. There are going to be some toxic ingredients you just can't avoid, like formaldehyde-releasers but you can at least use the steps above to make sure you're doing the best you can to remove the toxins. Be skeptical of the labels when they tell you things like organic, all natural or herbal ingredients since those kind of statements are not required to mean anything by law from the FDA. That may sound a little crazy, but the FDA doesn't have any regulation on using statements like organic or natural on labels with cosmetics.

    Let's get to the actual list so you can check your makeup remover wipes or solution to see if you have some of these toxins sitting in your product. Here's a list of the harmful ingredients in makeup remover & wipes below (to learn more, click the ingredient name to go to our comprehensive list and read it's health implications):

    1. Fragrance
    2. Ceteareth-12 / Ceteareth-20
    3. Methylparaben + other Parabens
    4. Phenoxyethanol
    5. Propylparaben
    6. 2-Bromo-2-Nitropropane-1,3-Diol (Formaldehyde-Releaser)
    7. PEGs
    8. Sodium Hydroxide
    9. Retinyl Palmitate
    10. Benzalkonium Chloride
    11. DMDM Hydantoin (Formaldehyde-Releaser)
    12. SLS - Sodium Laureth Sulfate

     

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    Cosmetic Ingredients to Avoid While Pregnant or Breastfeeding

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    cosmetics that are dangerous to use when pregnantIt could be argued that it's the most important time to be extremely focused on what goes into or onto your body, being pregnant is a fragile time in life both for mom and baby. One of the big concerns that is part of the daily attack on the human body of chemicals that could have dramatic effects on development and growth is during pregnancy. There is still another time that some people still ignore even if they know to watch what they consume or do during pregnancy and that is BEFORE you get pregnant. It's not all just about mom either, it's very important for the dad to not consume or be around specific chemicals in the time leading up to becoming pregnant. The main reason for this is what they call EDCs (Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals), these can have dramatic effects on production and quality of sperm. There are other toxic ingredients as well in personal care products that can reduce sperm count, inhibit the ability to swim and reduce testosterone levels in dad and baby. So if you're planning on getting pregnant, study this list just as close, it could be even more important to getting started.

    Being extra cautious before, during and after pregnancy is so important that the FDA has a section on their website dedicated to it called, "Cosmetics & Pregnancy." Another article the FDA has dedicated to pregnancy safety covers all areas that cautious behavior should be focused in on like medicines, sickness, dosages, cosmetics and more titled, "Pregnancy: A Time for Special Caution." Luckily for mom, there are tons of great resources out there on how to stay healthy, avoid bad chemicals and prepare for the new baby that will be in your life. Just make sure you pay close attention and realize that this is one of the most important things you can do for your baby as it can have life long effects. Key areas the FDA mentions for pregnancy safety in cosmetics are the following:

    • Color Additives & Cosmetics
    • Eye Cosmetic Safety
    • Hair Products (Hair Dyes, Straighteners, Brazillan Blowout keratin hair smoothing treatment)
    • "Hypoallgergenic" Cosmetics
    • Makeup
    • Nail Care Products
    • Parabens
    • Phthalates
    • Prohibited & Restricted Ingredients
    • Potential Contaminants
    • Tattoos & Permanent Makeup (Reactions, removal, contaminated inks)

    Now that you know some of the basics, we'll dive into some labeling laws you'll want to be aware of when choosing products before getting pregnant, while you're pregnant or after you're pregnant and potentially breastfeeding. One thing to be skeptical of are products that have front facing labels that may state they are "all natural", "organic" or "herbal". These types of labels are not held to any law, requirement or regulation in cosmetics and can still contain anything they want, regardless if it doesn't match up with what you think should be natural or organic. Ingredient labels you can trust are things like "Alcohol Free", "Paraben Free" and "BHA Free." Another type of label that has shown to chemically come out ahead of many other products are things like "Vegan" and "Gluten Free" labeling.

    Okay, now we'll go through a list of more commonly agreed upon chemicals that you should absolutely avoid before pregnancy, during pregnancy and when you're breastfeeding your child. One thing we did that is different than other lists, is we crowdsourced the mentions of the chemicals from 18 posts that referenced chemicals to avoid during pregnancy and ordered them by number of times referenced. Here's a list of the harmful ingredients to avoid while pregnant or breastfeeding below (to learn more, click the ingredient name to go to our comprehensive list and read it's health implications):

    1. Retinoids - Retin-A, Retinol & Retinyl Palmitate  - 12 References
    2. Sunscreen Chemicals (only use zinc oxide or titanium oxide)  - 10 References
      1. Avobenzone
      2. Benzophenone
      3. Dixybenzone
      4. Homosalate
      5. Octisalate
      6. Octocrylene
      7. Octyl methoxycinnamate (OMC)
      8. Oxybenzone
      9. Oxtinoxate
      10. Menthyl anthranilate
      11. Para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA)
    3. Salicylic Acid  - 9 References
    4. Formaldehyde / Formaldehyde-Releasing Agents  - 9 References
    5. Benzoyl Peroxide  - 8 References
    6. Hydroquinone  - 8 References
    7. Aluminum Chloride Hexahydrate  - 7 References
    8. Parabens  - 6 References
    9. Phthalates  - 6 References
    10. Thioglycolic Acid  - 6 References
    11. Dihydroxyacetone (DHA)  - 5 References
    12. Essential Oils  - 5 References
    13. Botox / Botulinum Toxin  - 3 References
    14. Fragrance (Parfum)  - 3 References
    15. Toluene  - 3 References
    16. Hair Dye, Hair Color, Hair Bleach  - 3 References
    17. Tetracycline  - 2 References
    18. Taxorac / Accutane  - 2 References
    19. Ammonia  - 2 References
    20. Soy  - 2 References
    21. Tattoo Ink  - 2 References
    22. BPA  - 1 Reference
    23. Sodium Laurel Sulfate (SLS)  - 1 Reference
    24. Sulfates  - 1 Reference
    25. Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA)  - 1 Reference

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    Perry from The Beauty Brains feels our entire project of "toxic ingredients in cosmetics" is complete, non-scientific nonsense

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    Perry Romanowski says toxic ingredients in cosmetics is unscientific nonsenseOur goal in producing this entire piece on toxic cosmetics was to inform consumers and make them aware that products are not always what they say they are and that there are dangerous ingredients in everything from lipstick to foundation. We have found that there is science, lawsuits, country to country differences, historical significance and more that backs up whether we need to be cautious or not in the products we use. We definitely have people out there that disagree with us and think this is made up garbage. Two weeks ago, we actually had a person we'll leave unnamed as they refused to go on record against toxic cosmetics give us quite a grilling. After discussing things with the unnamed person we found out that they were a professional perfumer, worked on the boards of cosmetic companies and perfumery organizations. Needless to say, when we were told her commercial interests didn't align with our own (we don't have any in regards to toxic cosmetics) we understood clearly, she was full of bias, plain and simple.

    That brings me to our next person objecting to this information, who I might say, is quite friendly and we have a lot of respect for. Perry Romanowski, whom is an Independent Cosmetic Chemist from The Beauty Brains had quite a bit to say by email. While we politely disagree with Perry's broad opinion that there is no such thing as toxic ingredients in cosmetics, we want to share what he had to say, word for word so that you can be as informed as possible and do your own research. The only thing we will censor out are brand names of products. We are transparent here and our main goal is bringing you a collection of ALL the data, so that you can be an informed consumer. The following is our email exchange with Perry on the topic of Toxic Ingredients in Cosmetics:

    From Perry:

    Thanks for your email.

    I'm curious, have you ever read or listened to anything the Beauty Brains have produced?  If you had, you'd know that this entire project of your "toxic ingredients" is complete, non-scientific nonsense and the kind of thing that the Beauty Brains warn consumers about. 

    Cosmetic ingredients are not killing you and do not represent a danger to consumers. You are propagating unscientific nonsense which is unhelpful to consumers who do not know better. I encourage you to get your information from science based organization, not fear mongering sites like the EWG or the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics. 

    Regards
    Perry, 44

    From Joel:

    Hi Perry,

    I definitely understand where you're coming from and I don't disagree that some of the data that EWG presents is slanted. With that said, it doesn't lack science, it's an analysis on the chemicals contained in products and in how much concentration. There are tons of "scientific" organizations that have concerns across the board from the American Cancer Society, EPA, Japan's Ministry of Health & Welfare Standards for Cosmetics, Health Canada, CosIng  etc.. One of the highlighted pieces of the article is the disparity between EU, Health Canada and the FDA and when we only have 11 ingredients restricted or banned and Health Canada and the EU have hundreds or thousands, it's pretty obvious we're off the mark there. Do you not find it odd that the EU has restricted or banned 1,371 ingredients yet we're sitting at 11 with the FDA?

    I am aware of Beauty Brains position, but it doesn't make me hesitate in reaching out to you to open up a conversation and debate. You guys are smart, logical and I do value your opinion. I'm glad you responded and kicked back at me. :P I have had one other similar email like yours from someone who seemed very passionate how "unscientific" it was to say that there are toxic ingredients in our products on store shelves. It didn't take long to figure out that she was a perfumer and on the board of multiple fragrance organizations and her entire job consisted of hiding ingredients in the one put on the label, "fragrance." It seems your motives are genuine, so I'm encouraged.

    Thank you for being up front and honest, I'm definitely open to altering our information in the article and would love it if you have feedback on specific ingredients that you feel shouldn't be listed on our site. I do think your response is a bit of a blunt hammer to a complex problem and solution. It seems quite obvious that when things contain heavy metals that are pure poison for our bodies or asbestos in talc it's not "unscientific" and made up. There were billions of dollars awarded to plaintiffs just recently for baby powder and the proof that it was causing ovarian cancer. Is that nonsense too? I'm sure there were some "smart" guys telling everyone that those arsenic complexion wafers were the healthiest thing one could do... yes, in fact there were tons of MDs pedaling those products. I have to question if we've really come that far while we're still cramming garbage in products and calling it safe and natural.  It feels a bit like politics and the fake news debate, it just spins around with no one really being right and everyone being slanted. Wheee!

    Thanks again for shooting me over your thoughts! Take care.

    From Perry:

    Hello Joel,

    Thanks for your reply. I didn't mean to sound dismissive or condescending and after reading my response I can see that might be the impression I gave.  You raise some good questions.

    1.  The EWG does lack science. First, no toxicologists were involved in the rating of ingredients. The people who created the ratings have no idea what the studies they cite even mean. Second, they do not take into account anything about level of exposure which is just ridiculous. Contrary to what you may think, they do not take concentration into account.  And third, their ratings seem completely arbitrary. For example, do a search for "parabens" on their site. They have a number of rankings from 1 - 8. What is most ridiculous, they'll give a compound a rating of 1 when the amount of data they have is "none".  (Calcium Paraben).  Then they'll give another compound a rating of 3 when the amount of data they have is "none." It makes no sense and it misleads consumers. Methylparaben is a GRAS material but gets a rating of 4 with "limited" data. It is preposterous!  

    Additionally, the EWG doesn't change ratings based on new information.  At least I'm not aware of it if they do. Once a "bad actor" always a "bad actor." They are a propaganda organization that thrives on scaring consumers and makes money off people through affiliate programs, the "certification" program, and donations. 

    2.  Concerns of other agencies.  Governmental organizations do not base their decisions primarily on science. They make political decisions which is why cosmetic safety regulations are not the same around the world or even around the states. If it were based on science, all the safety limits would be the same.  I read through what the ACS says about cosmetics and cancer and there is nothing I'd disagree with https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-causes/cosmetics.html except the inclusion of the EWG as a resource for information. It's not reliable as I stated above. 

    3.  Ingredient banning differences. It's true there are places that ban ingredients which aren't banned in the US. But those aren't for scientific reasons. The FDA bans ingredients that have been found to be harmful AND have previously been used in cosmetics. Have you looked through the 1371 banned ingredients in the EU? Do you know how many of them would ever be used in cosmetics?  Here's the list https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/HTML/?uri=OJ:L:2009:342:FULL&from=EN

    What you will find is the vast majority of those ingredients would never be used in cosmetics anyway. Many are pharmaceutical drug actives or ingredients used in fuel production. They have no benefit in cosmetics and never have been or will be used in cosmetics. Neither the EU nor the US ban Plutonium or Uranium from being used in cosmetics. Should consumers be afraid of this? No.

    What is more relevant is that you look at the cosmetics on the market and compare EU products to US products. There will be virtually no differences in the chemicals used. Especially by the big, multinational cosmetic companies. P&G, Unilever, L'Oreal, etc. us international formulas. So the things you buy in the US from these companies are nearly always compliant with EU regulations. A much bigger concern consumers face is buying products in the US from small manufacturers who don't do safety testing and who put anything they want in products.

    4.  My motives are that I care about the science and am concerned that misinformation about the risks posed by cosmetics are overblown. There is a much more dangerous industry that you could spend your time reviewing....supplements. These are much less regulated than even cosmetics. They are filled with all kinds of questionable ingredients, don't require any proof of safety, and have lead to numerous deaths. It baffles me that there isn't some "Campaign for Safe Supplements" when this represents a real danger to consumers.

    5.  Hiding ingredients in fragrance - I see this as a ridiculous worry. Companies do not avoid putting the whole fragrance listing on the ingredient list because they are trying to hide something. They do it because if they did include all the ingredients in their fragrance the list of ingredients would take up then entire back of the bottle. There can literally be hundreds of ingredients in a fragrance. Would consumers really benefit from seeing ingredient lists like this? The bottle would become equivalent to those contracts you sign when registering an iPhone. No one would read them!  And many of the large cosmetic companies are now directing consumers to their websites where they can see even the fragrance list of ingredients. How many consumers do you think will actually go read them?  One final point on this, fragrance isn't the only place where ingredients are "hidden." When you have natural extracts or oils, ingredients are hidden there. Coconut oil is actually made up of 9 - 12 different ingredients. It wouldn't be helpful to list those out either.

    6. Talc settlement - The fact that there was a talc settlement against J&J demonstrates that the general public is misinformed (thanks to non-science based groups like the EWG) and not any indication that talc actually represents a danger to consumers. There is no evidence that it does. The jury was not made up of scientifically informed people. Science isn't decided by which side can make the best argument. It doesn't work like a court of law. Science is about discovering what is true no matter which way it turns out. If the lawyers on the plaintiff side found evidence that talc was safe, they certainly wouldn't present it. In the court of science, it would be presented. Currently, there is no good science-based evidence that talc in baby powder had anything to do with the development of ovarian cancer. Despite what some clever lawyers have convinced a scientifically impaired jury to believe.

    And I agree that heavy metals shouldn't be in cosmetics if they are going to cause a problem. That's why the FDA restricts colors to mostly synthetically produced, clean ingredients. Naturally mined Titanium Dioxide or Zinc Oxide is filled with heavy metals. Synthetic versions are just safer.  But things like lead in lipstick is just a red herring. The amount of lead in cosmetics is negligible and has never been demonstrated to be a risk. It's also chemically bound up so it is not bioactive.

    Having said all this, I'm swayed by science. Talk to toxicologists who are also science based. Find out what they believe is really the risk. If you are going to write about things and attempt to inform the public, certainly you should take the time to talk to actual experts in the field. EWG, Campaign for Safe Cosmetics, are not experts. They have no training in toxicology. You do a disservice by not speaking with actual experts.

    It's fine to be suspicious of companies. There are lots of examples of bad actors. But the cosmetic industry is hyper sensitive to bad publicity. They have no problem changing formulas simply because of perceived health risks. When I was formulating for a company in the 1990's we removed all the Lauramide DEA from our formulas because of public perception. The formulas were safe but it was a good PR move to remove it. The industry also is removing things like Parabens, SLS, not because of safety reasons, but because misinformed bloggers & NGOs give them bad press. The unfortunate thing is that products are now becoming more dangerous (due to microbial contamination).  It's highly unfortunate.

    Again I apologize for my previous curt response. I hope this clarifies some things.

    Regards
    Perry, 44

    From Joel:

    Hey Perry,

    No worries at all in the "dismissive or condescending" potential tone, I actually prefer people that are direct and approach things with facts and science. It's refreshing and I think you make a ton of valid points. I don't find that I disagree with any of major points you made at all and find the way you positioned them to be of use and interest to the public, for sure. Would you be interested in having your information included in the document as a section that would be something like The Beauty Brains position on Toxic Cosmetics? I'd like to keep the article transparent and you make enough great points that I think they deserve to accessible by visitors to the article or researching the topic.

    One thing I do refrain from is mentioning any brand names in the entire piece so that would be something I'd need to edit / censor out if we included your information.

    Thanks Perry!

    From Perry:

    Hello Joel,

    Sure, you can include the information in your post. And I'm fine with not mentioning brand names. I don't work for any cosmetic company.

    Let me know how it goes.

    Perry, 44

    Content Divider

    200+ Toxic Ingredients To Avoid in Cosmetics

    Back to Table of Contents

     

    1. Coal Tar Dyes (Phenylenediamine or CI #####)  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: "Synthetic-organic" Colors, Coal Tar Hair Dyes,
      • Common Products: Hair Dyes, Hair Color Products, Tattoo Inks (Black Henna), 
      • Health Effects: Skin Irritation, Blindness, potential carcinogen. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium, some EWS Product listings are in the High Hazard Zone.
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: California requires over the count products containing coal tar dye ingredients greater the 1/2 percent to have cancer warnings. Lung and skin cancers have been said to have links but long term studies have not been done. On FDA's website "In the 1980s, some coal-tar hair dyes were found to cause cancer in animals. FDA published a regulation requiring a special warning statement for all hair dye products containing these two ingredients: 4-methoxy-m-phenylenediamine 2,4-diaminoanisole, 2, 4-methoxy-m-phenylenediamine sulfate 2,4-diaminoanisole sulfate. The cosmetic industry has since reformulated coal-tar hair dye products, and we are no longer seeing these two ingredients in hair dyes."
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Both
      • Back to Table of Contents
    2. Petrolatum   [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: Petroleum Jelly, White Petrolatum, Mineral Jelly, Petrolatum Amber, Mineral Grease, Yellow Petrolatum
      • Common Products: Hair Conditioner, Skin Moisturizer / Containment, UV Absorber, Skin Protectant, Toenail Fungus, Nosebleeds, Diaper Rash, Chest Colds.
      • Health Effects: Organ System Toxicity
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium, contamination is the main concern here.
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Not directly.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, "except if the full refining history is known and it can be shown that the substance from which it is produced is not a carcinogen.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    3. Triclosan (TSC)   [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: 2,4,4'-trichloro-2'-hydroxy diphenyl ether; 5-chloro-2- (2,4-dichlorophenoxy) - phenol; 5-chloro-2- (2,4-dichlorophenoxy) phenol; phenol, 5-chloro-2- (2,4-dichlorophenoxy) -; phenol, 5chloro2 (2,4dichlorophenoxy) ; 2,4,4'-trichloro-2'-hydroxydiphenyl ether; 5-chloro-2- (2,4-dichlorophenoxy) phenol; ch 3565; irgasan; irgasan dp300; phenol, 5-chloro-2- (2,4-dichlorophenoxy)
      • Common Products: liquid soaps, cosmetics, toothpastes, deodorants, detergents, tooth whitening products, shaving products, color cosmetics, fabrics, plastics
      • Health Effects: May be associated with endocrine (hormonal) toxicity, endocrine disruption, triclosan-resistant bacteria
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, restricted in both by percentage of concentration.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    4. BHA & BHT   [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), antioxyne b; antrancine 12; eec no. e320; embanox; nipantiox 1-f; protex; sustane 1-f; tenox bha, BHT is toluene-base ingredient
      • Common Products: Fragrance, Sunscreen, Makeup, Hair Products, Lip Balm, Lip Stick, Antiperspirant, Deodorant, Eye Shadow, Brow Liner, Eye Liner, Mascara
      • Health Effects: Of high concern is Pregnancy, Infants. Endocrine disruptor, bioaccumulation, rat studies show underdevelopment of the reproductive systems in both male & female rats.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium, with a Medium Cancer Rating
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes, there is concern and studies that shows this is a possible human carcinogen. Listed on Cancer.org.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Both
      • Back to Table of Contents
    5. DEA (Diethanolamine)  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: Triethanolamine, diethanolamine, DEA, TEA, cocamide DEA, cocamide MEA, DEA-cetyl phosphate, DEA oleth-3 phosphate, lauramide DEA, linoleamide MEA, myristamide DEA, oleamide DEA, stearamide MEA, TEA-lauryl sulfate [2], 2,2'-dihydroxydiethylamine; 2,2'-iminobisethanol; 2,2'-iminodiethanol; dea (ewg) ; ethanol, 2,2 iminobis; n,n-diethanolamine; 2,2'-dihydroxydiethylamine; 2,2'-iminobisethanol; 2,2'-iminodiethanol; 2- (2-hydroxyethylamino) ethanol; bis (2-hydroxyethyl) amine
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Conditioners, Hair Dyes, Soaps, Mascara, Eye Shadow, Eyeliner, Make-Up Bases, Foundations, Blush, Fragrances, Pharmaceutical ointments, Shaving Creams, Lotion, Suncreen
      • Health Effects: Alters sperm structure, abnormalities in sperm, effects male reproductive system, liver and kidney toxicity and possible neurotoxtic effects such as tremors.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: High Hazard. EWG has this as the highest rating in overall, medium in cancer and other health areas.
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: California EPA, WHO, National Toxicology.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Both, EU #601 if it contains > 0.1 % w/w Butadiene
      • Back to Table of Contents
    6. DBP (Dibutyl Phthalate)  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, dibutyl ester; butyl phthalate; dbp; di-n-butylphthalate; dibutyl 1,2-benzenedicarboxylate; dibutyl ester 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid; dibutyl phthalate; dibutyl phthalate; dibutyl phthalates; benzene-o-dicarboxylic acid di-n-butyl ester; celluflex dpb; dbp (ester)
      • Common Products: Nail Polish, Nail Treatments, Hair Care Products, Body Wash, Fragrance Lotion, Color Cosmetics
      • Health Effects: Pregnancy Caution, "Pregnant women’s exposure to the phthalates DBP and DEHP has been associated with a shortened distance between the anus and genitals in their male babies, indicating a feminization had occurred during prenatal genital development." - SafeCostmetics.org, Endocrine Disruptor, Female rats showed altered sex hormones and likelihood of fetal loss
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: High overall hazard rating on EWG, Medium on Developmental and Reproductive.
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No, but SafeCostmetics.org states, "DBP has been shown to cause proliferation of breast tumor cells and to make anti-estrogen treatments, such as tamoxifen, less effective against tumors."
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, by the EU #675.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    7. Formaldehyde-Releasing Preservatives  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: There are many other products that cause formaldehyde to be released. These are listed out separately but we're listing the worst ones here as well. formalin; formic aldehyde; merthaldehyde; methanal; methyl aldehyde; oxomethane; oxymethylene; aldehyd mravenci (czech) ; aldehyde formique (french) ; aldeide formica (italian) ; bfv
      • Common Formaldehyde Releasers: (these all have different cautions individually) dmdm hydantoin, diazolidinyl urea, imidazolidinyl urea, tosylamide/ formaldehyde resin, quaternium-15, sodium hydroxymethylglycinate, 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3-diol, polyoxymethylene urea, glyoxal, methenamine
      • Common Products: Nail Products, Eyelash Glue (more products on the releasers listed above)
      • Health Effects: There is concern for irritation to skin, eyes and lungs from this product and it's releasers. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: This has a high allergic and immunotoxicity rating. 
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: It's mostly the formaldehyde-releasing preservatives that have more cancer causing suspicions. EWG has this and similar toxic chemicals listed as high in the cancer area. We can't find substantial testing that says these products cause cancer.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, both. Each country has specific percentages they allow in other chemicals as well as total use of formaldehyde. For instance, EU limits nail hardeners to 5% calculated as formaldehyde.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    8. PEG Compounds  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: PEG-7, PEG-6, PEG-40
      • Common Products: Moisture Creams, Facial Cleansor, Toothpaste, 
      • Health Effects: The problems here come from the manufacturing process and whether it is contaminated with ethylene oxide, 1,4-dioxane. Ethylene oxicde is classified as a human carcinogen and 1,4-dixoane is a possible carcinogen. PEG compounds can also show genotoxicity and cause skin irritation and systemic toxicity on broken skin. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium to High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes in Canada. These are breakdown of uses in amounts or aerosols which seem to be mostly used in deodorants, antiperspirants and other aerosol dispensers. This chemical is accepted for the most part because it can have "unintentional ingredients."
      • Back to Table of Contents
    9. Siloxanes  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: Certain Siloxanes are the ones most harmful, the worst being: cyclotetrasiloxane, cylcopentasiloxane, cyclohexasiloxane. These are other names they can be found under: cyclotetrasiloxane, octamethyl; cyclotetrasiloxane, octamethyl-; decamethylcyclotetrasiloxane; hexanethylcyclotrisiloxane; octamethyl cyclotetrasiloxane; octamethyl- cyclotetrasiloxane; octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane; cyclopentasiloxane, decamethyl-; decamethyl- cyclopentasiloxane; decamethylcyclopentasiloxane
      • Common Products: Foundation, Conditioner, Moisturizer with SPF, Antiperspirant, Deodorant, Makeup with SPF, Sunscreen, Concealer, Eye Liner, Hair Serum, Facial Moisterizer, Styling Gel, Lotion, Mascara, Eye Shadow
      • Health Effects: D4, D5, D6 have shown to be endocrine disruptors, possible reproductive toxicants, possibly impairs human fertility and lab exposures with high exposure have been shown to cause uterine tumours and harm reproductive and immune systems. D5 has shown that it could influence neurotransmitters in the nervous system. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium.
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Cancer has been shown in moderate to high exposure of this chemical.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, although some types of siloxanes like D4, D5 and D6 are toxic, persistent and have the potential to accumulate in aquatic organisms by Environment Canada. 
      • Back to Table of Contents
    10. SLS (Sodium Laureth Sulfate)  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: alpha-sulfo-omega- (dodecyloxy) poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) , sodium salt; dodecyl sodium sulfate; peg- (1-4) lauryl ether sulfate, sodium salt; poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) , .alpha.-sulfo-.omega.- (dodecyloxy) -, sodium salt; poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) ,a -sulfo-w (dodecyloxy) -, sodium salt; poly (oxy1,2ethanediyl) , (dodecyloxy), sodium salt; polyethylene glycol (1-4) lauryl ether sulfate, sodium salt; polyoxyethylene (1-4) lauryl ether sulfate , sodium salt; sodium peg lauryl ether sulfate; sodium polyoxyethylene lauryl ether sulfate; sodium polyoxyethylene lauryl sulfate
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Body Wash, Facial Cleanser, Hair Color & Bleaching, Conditioner, Mascara, Exfoliants, Body Scrubs, Liquid Hand Soap, Bubble Bath, Dandruff / Scalp Treatment
      • Health Effects: The health problems aren't drastic from this chemical but it can be easily contaminated with other chemicals like 1,4-Dixane and Ethylene Oxide. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: On the low side.
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No, the American Cancer Society states, "Contrary to popular rumors on the Internet, Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) and Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES) do not cause cancer."
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    11. Parabens  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen] - There are many types of Parabens so this makes the classification of Paraben hard to decipher on it's safety. This is the most widely used toxic ingredient that is in 75 to 90 percent of cosmetics. Amounts it is suggested the women are exposed to on a daily basis of parabens is 50 mg per day. Here are the different types of Parabens of concern: Propyparaben, Methylparaben, Isobutylparaben, Isopropylparaben, Ethylparaben, 
      • Other Names: 4-hydroxy- propyl ester benzoic acid; 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, propyl ester; 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, propyl ester, sodium salt; benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-, propyl ester; benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-, propyl ester, sodium salt; benzoic acid, 4hydroxy, propyl ester; benzoic acid, 4hydroxy, propyl ester, sodium salt; polyparaben; potassium propylparaben; potassium salt propylparaben; propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate; 4-hydroxy- methyl ester benzoic acid; 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, methyl ester; 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, methyl ester, potassium salt; benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-, methyl ester; benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-, methyl ester, potassium salt; benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-, methyl ester, sodium salt; benzoic acid, 4hydroxy, methyl ester; benzoic acid, 4hydroxy, methyl ester, sodium salt; methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate; methyl ester 4-hydroxybenzoic acid; methyl ester benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-; 2-methylpropyl ester 4-hydroxybenzoic acid; 2-methylpropyl ester benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-; 4-hydroxy- 2-methylpropyl ester benzoic acid; 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, 2-methylpropyl ester; benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-, 2-methylpropyl ester; benzoic acid, 4hydroxy, 2methylpropyl ester; isobutyl 4-hydroxybenzoate; isobutyl ester parahydroxybenzoic acid; isobutyl p-hydroxybenzoate; isobutyl parahydroxybenzoate; parahydroxybenzoic acid, isobutyl ester; 1-methylethyl ester 4-hydroxybenzoic acid; 1-methylethyl ester benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-; 1-methylethyl ester sodium salt benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy; 1-methylethyl-4-hydroxybenzoate; 4-hydroxy- 1-methylethyl ester benzoic acid; 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, 1-methylethyl ester; benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy, 1-methylethyl ester, sodium salt; benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-, 1-methylethyl ester; benzoic acid, 4hydroxy, 1methylethyl ester; isopropyl 4-hydroxybenzoate; isopropyl ester parahydroxybenzoate; 4-hydroxy- ethyl ester benzoic acid; 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, ethyl ester; 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, ethyl ester, sodium salt; benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-, ethyl ester; benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-, ethyl ester, sodium salt; benzoic acid, 4hydroxy, ethyl ester; benzoic acid, 4hydroxy, ethyl ester, sodium salt; ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate; ethyl ester 4-hydroxybenzoic acid; ethyl ester benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-; ethyl ester sodium salt 4-hydroxybenzoic acid
      • Common Products: Foundation, Moisturizer, Conditioner, Styling Gel, Shampoo, Moisturizer with SPF, Sport Sunscreen, Mascara, Eye Shadow, Nail Polish, Facial Powder, Facial Cleanser, Eye Liner, Makeup with SPF, Concealer, Hair Coloring Products, Blush, Mask, Anti-Aging, Lip Stick, Lip Gloss, Lip Balm, Lip Liner
      • Health Effects: Hormone functions and disruptions are the main causes with parabens. They mimic the hormone estrogen and have been found breast cancer tissue, while this does not prove they are causing cancer, they're showing up with it. Other problems with parabens is effects on the male reproductive system. Placing methylparaben on the skin will eventually bring it into exposure of UVB which can accelerate skin aging and DNA damage.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium to High (depending on the Paraben specific ingredient)
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No 
      • Back to Table of Contents
    12. Parfum (Or Fragrance)  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: Parfum, Aroma
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Conditioner, Styling Gel, Sport Sunscreen, Moisturizer, Lipstick, Body Wash, Hair Spray, Hair Serum, Facial Cleanser, Hair Styling Aide, Moisturizer with SPF, Face Mask, Antiperspirant, Deodorant, Bar Soap, Hair Color and Dyes, Lip Gloss, Fragrance for Women, Liquid Hand Soap, Styling Mousse, Styling Foam, Acne Treatment, Fragrance for Men
      • Health Effects: Due to nearly 3,000 ingredients being used in Fragrance, there are many that can cause issues. Things like allergen causing properties that effect the immune system from various fragrances, respiratory toxicant causing things like asthma and negative effects on wildlife and the environment. Allergy effects from fragrance have been said by U.K. researchers to be the 2nd most common cause of allergic reaction. DEP (Diethyl Phthalate) is used to make fragrances linger and have been linked to all kinds of reproductive issues.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Moderate to High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, but fragrances can be composed of nearly 3,000 different chemicals and don't have to be disclosed on the label. Please see the Hidden Ingredients in Cosmetics.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    13. Mineral Oil (Paraffin Oil)  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: deobase; heavy mineral oil; light mineral oil; liquid paraffin; liquid petrolatum; paraffin oil; paraffin oils; paraffinum liquidum; petroleum white mineral oil; prolatum oil; white mineral oil, petroleum
      • Common Products: Moisturizer, Lip Gloss, Styling Gel, Conditioner, Lipstick, Eye Shadow, Sunscreen, Hair Dyes and Bleaches, Hair Serum, Facial Powder, Concealer, Foundation
      • Health Effects: This can cause some allergic reactions but is typically only when it's airborne. Scientific evidence points to this chemical / substance not causing many issues at the normal levels you can purchase it at. The most danger from this is if the mineral oil becomes airborne.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low Level
      • Suspected Cancer Causing: No, if mineral oil has become airborne and breathed in it can cause cancer but this is rare.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    14. Propylene Glycol (PG) & Butylene Glycol  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: 1,2-dihydroxypropane; 1,2-propanediol; 2-hydroxypropanol; methylethyl glycol; propane-1,2-diol; 1,2-dihydroxypropane; 1,2-propylene glycol; 1,2-propylenglykol (german) ; alpha-propyleneglycol; dowfrost; methylethylene glycol
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Conditioner, Styling Gel, Sunscreen, Moisturizer, Mascara, Facial Moisturizer, Moisturizer with SPF, Hair Dyes, foundation, Body Wash, Facial Cleanser, Hair Spray, Eye Liner
      • Health Effects: Allergies and Immunotoxicity. PG is not bioaccumulative which means it will break down in the body within 48 hours. This ingredient is found in antifreeze but is not highly toxic. It's good to avoid, but there is nothing glaring here that stands out about this ingredient.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    15. Toluene (Coal Tars)  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: benzene, methyl; benzene, methyl-; methyl- benzene; methylbenzene; toluol; antisal 1a; benzene, methyl-; cp 25; methacide; methane, phenyl-; methylbenzene
      • Common Products: Nail Polish, Nail Products
      • Health Effects: Pregnancy concern if inhaled when pregnant causing developmental issues. This is a nerutoxicant that can impair breathing, cause nausea and irritate most areas of the body. Has been shown to be toxic to the immune system.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Maximum rating. 
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: In some studies on animals but this isn't confirmed and it is not listed on the American Cancer Society's website.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, both.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    16. DMDM Hydantoin & UREA (Formaldehyde-Releasing Preservatives)  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: dmdm hydantoin, 1,3-bis (hydroxymethyl) -5,5-dimethyl- 2,4-imidazolidinedione; 1,3-bis (hydroxymethyl) -5,5-dimethylimidazolidine-2,4-dione; 1,3-bis (hydroxymethyl) -5,5-dimethylimidazolidine-2,4-dione (+) ; 1,3-dihydroxymethyl-5,5 dimethylhydantoin; 1,3-dimethylol-5,5-dimethyl hydantoin; 2,4-imidazolidinedione, 1,3-bis (hydroxymethyl) -5,5-dimethyl-; 2,4imidazolidinedione, 1,3bis (hydroxymethyl) 5,5dimethyl; 1,3-bis (hydroxymethyl) -5,5-dimethylhydantoin; 2,4-imidazolidinedione, 1,3-bis (hydroxymethyl) -5,5-dimethyl- (9ci) ; dantoin dmdmh 55; dimethylol-5,5-dimethylhydantoin
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Conditioner, Styling Gel, Body Wash, Moisturizer, Hair Styling Products, Moisturizer with SPF, Liquid Hand Soap, Facial Cleanser, Styling Mousse, Hair Serum
      • Health Effects: The Cosmetic Ingredient Review found strong evidence of DMDM Hydantoin & UREA being a skin toxicant or allergen.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium to High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No, IARC has limited evidence on this.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    17. Oxybenzone  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: benzophenone-3, (2-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl) phenyl- methanone; (2-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl) phenylmethanone; 2-benzoyl-5-methoxyphenol; 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone; 4-08-00-02442 (beilstein handbook reference) ; 4-methoxy-2-hydroxybenzophenone; advastab 45; ai3-23644; anuvex; b3; benzophenone, 2-hydroxy-4-methoxy-
      • Common Products: Product that have UV Filters or Absorbers in them, Beach Sunscreen, Sport Sunscreen, Kids Sunscreen, Baby Sunscreen, Moisturizer with SPF, Lip Balm with SPF, Nail Polish, Hair Spray
      • Health Effects: This has been shown in studies to produce excess reactive oxygen species that can interfere with cellular signaling, cause mutations, lead to cell death and may be implicated in cardiovascular disease. This toxic chemical also has persistance and bioaccumulation which means it builds up over time instead of being broken down easily in the body. This is also an endocrine disruptor. The CDC says that 97% of Americans are contaminated with this chemical and that it absorbs through the skin in significant amounts.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: High 
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
    18. Lead  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: c.i. 77575; glover; ks-4; lead (acgih) ; lead flake; lead inorganic; lead s2; olow (polish) ; omaha & grant
      • Common Products: Most products are banned from containing lead in them. Counterfeit makeup products have been shown to have lead in them.
      • Health Effects: Human Developmental toxicity, Reproductive Issues, Organ System Toxicity with the following organs showing effects in studies: kidney, liver, sense, cardiovascular system.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Highest
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes, many organizations list lead as causing cancer.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes
      • Back to Table of Contents
    19. Ethyl Acetate  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: acetic acid ethyl ester; acetic acid, ethyl ester; ethyl ester acetic acid; acetic ether; acetidin; acetoxyethane; aethylacetat (german) ; essigester (german) ; ethyl acetate (acgih:osha) ; ethyl acetic ester; ethyl ethanoate
      • Common Products: Nail Polish, Nail Products, Polish Remover
      • Health Effects: Irritation if gets in your eyes or other sensitive areas, but this product isn't that dangerous.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    20. 1,4-Dioxane  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: 1,4-diethylene dioxide; 1,4-dioxacyclohexane; di (ethylene oxide) ; diethylene dioxide; diethylene dioxide (osha) ; diethylene ether; diokan; dioksan (polish) ; diossano-1,4 (italian) ; dioxaan-1,4 (dutch) ; dioxan
      • Common Products: This chemical is complicated and has shown up as many as 46% personal care products EWG 2008. This is created as an unwanted byproduct in ingredient processing. "Families wishing to avoid cosmetics containing the ingredients listed above may do so by reviewing the ingredient statement that is required to appear on the outer container label of cosmetics offered for retail sale. Also, families may look for cautionary statements on the labels of foaming detergent bath products with directions for safe use, the need to keep out of the reach of children, or the need for adult supervision."
      • Health Effects: Organ Toxicity
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium to High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes, this has shown evidence of being a human carcinogen and was added to Proposition 65 list of carcinogens. This is also listed on the American Cancer Society as causing cancer. 
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, in Canada
      • Back to Table of Contents
    21. Talc  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: cosmetic talc; french chalk; talc (mg3h2 (sio3) 4) ; agalite; asbestine; b 13; b 13 (mineral) ; b 13 (mineral) ; b 9; b 9 (talc) ; beaver white 200; baby powder
      • Common Products: Eye Shadow, Foundation, Facial Powder, Blush, Concealer, Makeup with SPF, Bronzer, Eye Liner, Antiperspirant, Deodorant, Mascara, Brow Liner
      • Health Effects: Worst effects come from inhalation which causes irritation of the lungs and respiratory system and could lead to further health issues. Talc exposure, from products like baby powder and feminine powder, has been linked in numerous studies to increased risk of ovarian cancer and mesothelioma, and is also associated with breathing problems and respiratory disease. Despite public controversy on the safety of talc beginning in the 1970’s, the CIR did not choose to formally review talc until 2012. When it finally did, the arguments made by the CIR safeguarding talc echoed those made by the cosmetic manufacturers, like Johnson & Johnson, that had been defending its use for decades.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: While most places only refer to cancer issues if talc contains asbestos, there are lawsuits that have been won for ovarian cancer.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes in Canada, Restricted in EU.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    22. Retinyl Palmitate  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: retinyl palmitate, axerophthol palmitate; hexadecanoate retinol; retinol palmitate; retinol, hexadecanoate; vitamin a palmitate; aquasol a; arovit; optovit-a; retinol palmitate; vitamin a palmitate
      • Common Products: Lipstick, Sunscreen, Foundation, Moisturizer, Moisturizer with SPF, Facial Moisturizer, Conditioner, Concealer, Shampoo
      • Health Effects: Developmental and reproductive toxicity. This is listed by the FDA to cause human reproductive issues. Pregnancy and this chemical are dangerous together.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Multiple studies have shown tumor growths from low doses of this toxic chemical.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, Canada
      • Back to Table of Contents
    23. Titanium Dioxide  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: 1385rn 59; 1700 white; 234da; 500hd; 63b1 white; a 200 (pigment) ; a 330 (pigment) ; a-fil; a-fil cream; a-fn 3; aerolyst 7710
      • Common Products: Nail Polish, Lipstick, Foundation, Eye Shadow, Lip Gloss, Eye Liner, Concealer, Blush, Mascara, Facial Powder, Lip Balm, Bronzer, Lip Liner, Bar Soap, Moisturizer with SPF, Brow Liner, Shampoo, Toothpaste
      • Health Effects: The reason this product is low on toxic ratings is due to the need to inhale this to actually cause cancer possibilities.This does not penetrate the skin well and needs to be inhaled to cause health issues.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: This product can cause cancer if inhaled and is listed with California EPA
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, in list of allowed preservatives.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    24. Octinoxate or Octyl Methoxycinnamate  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate, 2-ethylhexyl p-methoxycinnamate; 2-ethylhexyl 4-methoxycinnamate; 2-ethylhexyl ester p-methoxycinnamic acid; 2-ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate; 2-ethylhexyl p-methoxycinnamate; 2-ethylhexyl-4-methoxycinnamate; ai3-05710; ccris 6200; einecs 226-775-7; escalol; neo heliopan
      • Common Products: Moisturizer with SPF, Sunscreen, Lip Balm with SPF, Makeup with SPF, Hair Spray, BB Cream, Foundation, Conditioner, Shampoo
      • Health Effects: Biochemical or cellular level changes that cause mutations, cell death and could be cause of cardiovascular disease.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    25. Benzoates or Sodium Benzoate  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names:  benzoic acid, sodium salt; sodium salt benzoic acid; antimol; benzoan sodny (czech) ; benzoate of soda; benzoate sodium; benzoesaeure (na-salz) (german) ; sobenate; sodium benzoic acid
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Body Wash, Conditioner, Facial Moisturizer, Moisturizer, Facial Cleanser, Moisturizer with SPF, Liquid Hand Soap
      • Health Effects: The health effects from this chemical seem to be on the very low side. No studies show anything dangerous and use is not prohibited as long as it's below certain concentrations.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    26. Stearalkonium Chloride  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: benzenemethanaminium, n,n-dimethyl-n-octadecyl-, chloride; benzenemethanaminium, n,ndimethylnoctadecyl, chloride; benzyl dimethyl stearyl ammonium chloride; benzyldimethyl (octadecyl) ammonium chloride; chloride benzenemethanaminium, n,n-dimethyl-n-octadecyl-; n,n-dimethyl-n-octadecyl- chloride benzenemethanaminium; n,n-dimethyl-n-octadecylbenzenemethanaminium chloride; stearyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride; 2b (onium compound) ; ammonyx 4; ammonyx 4002
      • Common Products: Conditioner
      • Health Effects: The Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics has strong evidence this is a human toxicant or allergen. Canada has this listed as an environmental toxin. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    27. Triethanolamine (TEA) [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: 2,2',2"-nitrilotris [ethanol] ; 2,2',2''-nitrilotriethanol; ethanol, 2,2 ,2 nitrilotris; ethanol, 2,2',2"-nitrilotris-; tea; trolamine; 2,2',2''-nitrilotriethanol; alkanolamine 244; daltogen; nitrilo-2,2',2''-triethanol; sterolamide
      • Common Products: Sunscreen, Sport Sunscreen, Mascara, Moisturizer, Styling Gel, Moisturizer with SPF, Hair Styling Products, Facial Moisturizer, Face Mask, Foundation
      • Health Effects: While small doses are approved by FDA & CIR but in concentrations under 5%. Effects like eye irritation and skin irritation have been shown with TEA. People with Eczema problems have been shown to have more adverse effects. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada:
      • Back to Table of Contents
    28. Triclocarban (TCC)
      • Other Names: 3,4,4'-trichlorocarbanilide; n- (4-chlorophenyl) -n'- (3,4-dichlorophenyl) - urea; n- (4-chlorophenyl) -n'- (3,4-dichlorophenyl) urea; tcc; trichlorocarbanilide; urea, n- (4-chlorophenyl) -n'- (3,4-dichlorophenyl) -; 3,4,4'-trichlorocarbanilide; 3,4,4'-trichlorodiphenylurea; cusiter; cutisan; ent 26925
      • Common Products: Bar Soap
      • Health Effects: This was banned along with Triclosan by the FDA for including in soaps. This product does accumulate in the body which is called bioaccumulation. Organ system toxicity has been shown along with endocrine disruption and ecotoxicology. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, by the EU
      • Back to Table of Contents
    29. Colors (dyes & pigments) listed as CI-####### / Colour Index Generic Name & Colour Index Constitution Numbers (See Coal Tar Dyes)
      • Other Names: The name of your dye, pigment, color or colorant can be in the CI-###### format or it can have a name like Red #40. 
      • Common Products: All cosmetic products contain a color or dye in them to enhance their appearance. Look specifically for the color name and search that.
      • Health Effects: Depending on the colorant used it can be harmless or dangerous. Reactions can be allergic, skin reactions, immune system tumors, ADHD and other issues.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium to High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes, but most dyes are not shown to cause cancer, only specific ones are the culprit.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, except for specific cases of colors and dyes
      • Back to Table of Contents
    30. p-Phenylenediamine (See Coal Tar Dyes)  [Listed in Cosmetics Dirty Dozen]
      • Other Names: p-phenylenediamine, 1,4-benzenediamine; 1,4-phenylenediamine; 1,4benzenediamine; ci 76060; oxidation base 10; p-aminoaniline; p-diaminobenzene; 1,4-benzenediamine (9ci) ; 1,4-diaminobenzene; 1,4-phenylenediamine; 4-aminoaniline
      • Common Products: Hiar Color, Hair Dyes, Hair Bleaching, Shampoo
      • Health Effects: Increased skin sensitizer causing skin allergen issues with studies showing it at 5% sensitization rate. Suspected carcinogen in bladder cancer and more. With that said and as we say below, evidence is limited on this topic. This is a DNA-altering chemical or what people call mutagenic.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes, with limited evidence in lab tests.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, but it is restricted in Canada, CosIng and Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety
      • Back to Table of Contents
    31. Aminophenol (P-Aminophenol, M-Aminophenol, O-Aminophenol) 
      • Other Names: p-aminophenol, 4-amino- phenol; 4-amino-1-hydroxybenzene; 4-aminophenol; 4-hydroxyaniline; 4-hydroxybenzenamine; 4-hydroxyphenylamine; ci 76550; p-amino- phenol; phenol, 4-amino-; phenol, 4amino; phenol, p-amino-; m-aminophenol, 3-amino- phenol; 3-aminophenol; 3-hydroxyaniline; 3-hydroxybenzenamine; ci 76545; m-hydroxyaminobenzene; m-hydroxyphenylamine; phenol, 3-amino-; phenol, 3amino; 3-amino-1-hydroxybenzene; 3-aminophenol; o-aminophenol, 1-amino-2-hydroxybenzene; 2-amino- phenol; 2-aminophenol; 2-hydroxyaniline; ci 76520; o-aminohydroxybenzene; o-hydroxyaniline; o-hydroxyphenylamine; phenol, 2-amino-; phenol, 2amino; 2-amino-1-hydroxybenzene
      • Common Products: Hair Color, Hair Dye, Hair Colorants, Shampoo
      • Health Effects: These are all used in hair coloring and can cause allergic skin reactions to the scalp, face and hands. These have been shown in some studies to have cardiovascular / blood toxicity, kidney toxicity. EU has this as a possible mutagen.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: In limited circumstances but there is low amounts of evidence. 
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, EU.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    32. Diaminobenzene - see P-Phenylenediamine which is then a Coal Tar Dye, this is another name from that toxic chemical.
    33. Polyethylene
      • Other Names: ethene, homopolymer; ethylene polymer; polyethylene; high melting point polyethylene powder; homopolymer ethene; polyethylene powder; polyethylene wax; 2100 gp; 23f203; 6020p; a 60-20r; a 60-70r; microbeads
      • Common Products: All products containing microbeads and also other products like lipstick, eye liner, eye shadow, suncreen, foundation, nail polish, mascara, lip gloss, lip balm, blush, moisturizer with SPF, concealer, exfoliant, face scrubs, lip liner, facial powder 
      • Health Effects: Low, accept for the environment when this is used as microbeads which has been proven to kill aquatic animals.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    34. Phthalates
      • Other Names: DEP, DBP, DEHP and Fragrance (or Parfum), Dibutyl Phthalate, Dimethyl Phthalate, Diethyl Phthalate, Soy Protein Phthalate
      • Common Products: Hair Care Products, Nail Polish, Treatment Products for Nails, Body Washes, Fragrance Lotion & color cosmetics.
      • Health Effects: Endocrine Disruption can cause feminization in male babies, altered hormone levels in baby boys and is also found in breast milk. These are ingredients of concern to pregnant moms and breastfeeding mothers. EU has called these reproductive toxins and have been shown to impair sperm motility, reduce fetal testosterone production and anti-androgenic effects. EPA & National Toxicology Program classify this as a potential carcinogen.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium to High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes
      • Back to Table of Contents
    35. Dimethicone
      • Other Names: dimethicone copolyol; dimethyl silicone; highly polymerized methyl polysiloxane; methyl polysiloxane; silicone l-45; dc 1664; dimethicone 350; dimeticone; dow corning 1664; mirasil dm 20; viscasil 5m
      • Common Products: Nail Polish, Moisturizer, Foundation, Conditioner, Moisturizer with SPF, Shampoo, Sunscreen, Eye Shadow, Facial Moisturizer, Lipstick, Makeup with SPF, Styling Gel, Styling Lotion, Facial Powder, blush, Concealer, Lip Gloss, Hair Treatment, Bronzer, Highlighter, Antiperspirant, Deodorant, BB Cream, Hand Cream, Anti-Aging, Around-eye Cream, Sunless Tanning
      • Health Effects: Cosmetic Ingredient Review has it listed as restricted use. Bioacculuation is not a concern here meaning it clears out of your body in 48 hours. Environment Canada Domestic Substance List has it has a toxic or harmful ingredient. This can cause organ toxicity but does not target the reproductive system.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    36. Phenylenediamine - (see P-Phenylenediamine)
    37. Hyaluronic Acid
      • Other Names: Hyaluronan
      • Common Products: Facial Moisturizer, Moisturizer with SPF, Moisturizer, Anti-Aging, Sunscreen, Facial Mask, Makeup with SPF, Lip Balm, Around-Eye Cream, Lipstick, Toners, Astringents
      • Health Effects: None reported
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    38. BHT - Butylated Hydroxytoluene
      • Other Names: dbpc; advastab 401; agidol; agidol 1; alkofen bp; antioxidant 29; antioxidant 30; antioxidant 4; antioxidant 4k; antioxidant kb; antrancine 8
      • Common Products: Lipstick, Sunscreen, Foundation, Eye Liner, Moisturizer with SPF, Lip Gloss, Eye Shadow, Moisturizer, Antiperspirant, Deodorant, Facial Moisturizer, Facial Powder, Blush, Lip Balm, Facial Cleanser, Lip Balm with SPF, Anti-Aging Products
      • Health Effects: Pregnant Mothers and Breastfeeding Moms are of the most concern. There are reproductive and developmental issues detected in lab rat studies. Organ system toxicity has been shown with damage at the cellular level and has been added as toxic or harmful in the Environment Canada Domestic Substance List. Endocrine Disruption is another issue that is shown to be caused by BHT.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: The NTP Reported this as a reasonably anticipated human carcinogen.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    39. PTFE
      • Other Names: ptfe, ethene, tetrafluoro, homopolymer; polytetrafluoroethylene; teflon; tetrafluoroethene homopolymer; aflon; algloflon; algoflon sv; alkathene rxdg33; amip 15m; balfon 7000; bdh 29-801
      • Common Products: Foundation, Eye Shadow, Moisturizer, Facial Power, Mascara
      • Health Effects: Could be contaminated with PFOA (perfluoroctonic acid) which is associated with cancer. If not contaminated there aren't major health effects associated.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    40. Lauroyl Lysine
      • Other Names: l-lysine, n6- (1-oxododecyl) -; lauroyl lysine lauroyl lysine; n-e-lauroyl-l-lysine; n6- (1-oxododecyl) -l-lysine; n6-lauroyl-l-lysine
      • Common Products: Lipstick, Foundation, Eye Shadow, Facial Powder, Blush, Bronzer, Makeup with SPF, Moisturizer with SPF, Concealer, Lip Gloss, Eye Liner, Lip Liner, Lip Balm
      • Health Effects: None have been reported
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    41. Relaxers
      • Other Names: There are many chemicals in this product, please read below.
      • Common Products: Hair Relaxers, Conditioning Relaxer, Hair Straightener, Conditioning Creme, 
      • Health Effects: Relaxers, whether with or without lye, have a very high pH (near the top of the scale). In other words, they are caustic. Relaxers work because they break the bonds that actually give strength to the hair. For years, the main chemical used in hair straighteners has been sodium hydroxide - a powerful alkaline caustic otherwise known as lye. Sodium hydroxide is used in products like Drano to dissolve hair in drains. Newer "no-lye"products are also now on the shelves. Some contain quanidine hydroxide, a mixture of calcium hydroxide and guanidine carbonate. While this chemical combination is not lye, it is very similar and has the same effect chemically on the hair. Advertising leads people to believe these chemicals are much safer when in fact they only damage the hair slightly less and cause less scalp irritation, but they can still burn the scalp if used incorrectly. A third chemical, ammonium thioglycolate, known as the "thio relaxer", is less drastic than sodium hydroxide, and, in some cases, than guanadine hydroxide, but it also breaks down the bonds in hair. In addition to those chemicals hair relaxers or straighteners can contain formaldehyde, parabens, polypropylene, glycols, sodium laurel sulfate and sodium laureth sulfate. Source.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    42. Benzoic acid
      • Other Names: benzenecarboxylic acid; benzeneformic acid; benzenemethanoic acid; benzoic acid,; carboxybenzene; dracyclic acid; phenylcarboxylic acid; phenylformic acid; acide benzoique (french) ; acido benzoico (italian) ; benzenecarboxylic acid
      • Common Products: Lipstick, Shampoo, Conditioner, Facial Moisturizer, Moisturizer, Foundation, Facial Cleanser, Lip Gloss, Makeup Remover, Mouthwash, Body Wash, Toners, Astringints
      • Health Effects: While this is held to concentration limits, it is generally safe and very minor health abnormalities exist. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to High Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    43. Sulfate - The most common sulfates used in Cosmetics are Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) and Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES)
    44. Phenyl Trimethicone
      • Other Names: None
      • Common Products: Hair Spray, Eye Shadow, Foundation, Moisturizer with SPF, Styling Gel, Lipstick, Makeup with SPF, Conditioner, Sunscreen, Antiperspirant, Deodorant, Concealer, Hair Styling Aide, Eye Liner, Facial Powder
      • Health Effects: None noted
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Lowest
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    45. Salicylic Acid
      • Other Names: 2-hydroxy- benzoic acid; 2-hydroxybenzoic acid; benzoic acid, 2-hydroxy-; benzoic acid, 2hydroxy; o-carboxyphenol; o-hydroxybenzoic acid; phenol-2-carboxylic acid; 2-hydroxybenzoic acid; acido o-idrossibenzoico (italian) ; acido salicilico (italian) ; benzoic acid, 2-hydroxy-
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Acne Treatment, Facial Cleanser, Exfoliant, Facial Scrubs, Facial Moisturizer, Moisturizer, Face Mask, Toners, Astringents, Concealer, Conditioner, Body Wash, Dandruff and Scalp Treatment, Lip Balm with SPF, Hair Color, Hair Dye, Hair Bleach, Hair Treatment Products, Anti-Aging, Makeup Remover, Hand Cream, Wart Remover Products, Corn Remover, Callus Remover, Antidandruff Treatment, Antiacne Treatment
      • Health Effects: This is a penetration increaser which can enhance the absorption of other chemicals you apply to your body. Skin irritation is a reaction you can have to this product. Most placed like Canada, EU and Japan have usage restrictions on concentration amounts. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    46. Benzophenone
      • Other Names: a-oxodiphenylmethane; a-oxoditane; benzene, benzoyl-; benzoyl- benzene; benzoylbenzene; diphenyl ketone; diphenyl- methanone; diphenylmethanone; methanone, diphenyl; methanone, diphenyl-; phenyl ketone
      • Common Products: BB Cream, Moisturizer with SPF
      • Health Effects: This has some evidence that it's an endocrine disruptor which can mess with hormone production. Organ system toxicity is reported on the Environmental Canada Domestic substance list as toxic or harmful. This is bioaccumulative which means it can build over time and does not clear out of your body in 48 hours.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low 
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Possible, the California EPA lists this as a possible human carcinogen and WHO has limited evidence of it being a cancer causing substance.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    47. Vitamin C
      • Other Names: ascorbic acid, l-ascorbic acid; vitamin c; 3-keto-l-gulofuranolactone; 3-oxo-l-gulofuranolactone; 3-oxo-l-gulofuranolactone (enol form) ; adenex; allercorb; antiscorbic vitamin; antiscorbutic vitamin; arco-cee; ascoltin
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Facial Moisturizer, Moisturizer, Conditioner, Moisturizer with SPF, Beach Sunscreen, Sport Sunscreen, Sunscreen Products, Hair Color, Hair Dye, Hair Bleaching, Lipstick, Facial Cleanser, Foundation, Anti-Aging, Hand Cream, Exfoliant, Facial Scrub, Toners, Astringents, Body Wash, Body Cleanser, Hair Treatment Serum, Makeup with SPF, Around-Eye Cream, Eye Liner, Lip Balm with SPF, Acne Treatment
      • Health Effects: This ingredient is designated safe for sure and no reported health issues have been reported from it's use.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Lowest
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    48. Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate (See Vitamin C)
      • Other Names: magnesium l-ascorbyl-2-phosphate
      • Common Products: Moisturizer with SPF, Moisturizer, Facial Moisturizer, Sunscreen, Hand Cream, Mascara, Face Mask, Toners, Astringents, Around-eye Cream, Facial Powder, Makeup with SPF, Anti-Aging, Sunless Tanning, Exfoliant, Facial Scrub
      • Health Effects: None reported, this product is designated safe for use.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Lowest
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    49. Ascorbyl Glucosamine (See Vitamin C)
      • Other Names: None
      • Common Products: No specific products.
      • Health Effects: No reported problems.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Lowest
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    50. Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate (See Vitamin C)
      • Other Names: None
      • Common Products: Foundation, Moisturizer with SPF, Sunscreen, Facial Moisturizer, Concealer, BB Cream, CC Cream, Moisturizer, Lipstick, Anti-Aging
      • Health Effects: None reported.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Lowest
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    51. L-Ascorbic Acid (See Vitamin C)
      • Other Names: ascorbic acid, l-ascorbic acid; vitamin c; 3-keto-l-gulofuranolactone; 3-oxo-l-gulofuranolactone; 3-oxo-l-gulofuranolactone (enol form) ; adenex; allercorb; antiscorbic vitamin; antiscorbutic vitamin; arco-cee; ascoltin
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Facial Moisturizer, Moisturizer, Conditioner, Moisturizer with SPF, Sport Sunscreen, Spray on Sunscreen, Sunscreen Products, Hair Color, Hair Dye, Hair Bleaching, Lipstick, Facial Cleanser, Foundation, Anti-Aging, Hand Cream, Exfoliant, Face Scrub, Face Mask, Toners, Astringents, Body Wash, Body Cleanser, Hair Serum, Makeup with SPF
      • Health Effects: This is designated safe for general use and is not expected to be toxic or harmful.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Lowest
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    52. Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate (See Vitamin C)
      • Other Names: 2- (dihydrogen phosphate) trisodium salt l-ascorbic acid; l-ascorbic acid, 2- (dihydrogen phosphate) , trisodium salt; trisodium salt l-ascorbic acid, 2- (dihydrogen phosphate) ; sodium l-ascorbyl-2-phosphate
      • Common Products: Sport Sunscreen, Suncreen, Spray-on Sunscreen, Moisturizer with SPF, Makeup with SPF, Facial Moisturizer, Moisturizer, Anti-Aging, Facial Cleanser, Eye Liner, Around-eye Cream, Baby Sunscreen, Eye Shadow, Face Mask
      • Health Effects: None reported
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Data gaps to give an accurate rating but it appears to be very low.
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    53. Vitamin C Serum (See Vitamin C)
    54. Cadmium
      • Other Names: Cadmium; 7440-43-9; Cadmium compounds; Kadmium; Colloidal cadmium
      • Common Products: While this doesn't seem to be in any publicly available beauty products, heavy metals can be found in makeup and mineral makeup products. Counterfeit makeup can be unsafe because it can contain ingredients like this.
      • Health Effects: Cadmium is toxic in moderate doses and is a potent antagonist of several essential minerals including calcium, iron, copper and zinc. Cadmium is used in the manufacture of batteries, electrical conductors and metal plating. Cadmium is also a byproduct of the mining and processing of iron, nickel and other metals and can be toxic to welders and industrial workers, producing a syndrome due to inhalation of excessive amounts known as cadmium fume fever. Environmental exposure to excess cadmium has been reported due to contamination of the water supply from mining or manufacturing with subsequent concentration of cadmium in agricultural products such as rice, resulting in outbreaks of cadmium poisoning. A disease marked by bone fractures (itai-ita or "ouch-ouch" disease) arose after World War II in a rural area of Japan and was later linked to cadmium contamination of water used to irrigate rice fields. Itai-itai is characterized by renal tubular abnormalities and calcium and phosphate wasting resulting in osteomalacia. Chronic cadmium exposure has been linked to pulmonary fibrosis, chronic renal injury and an increased risk of cancer. Cadmium has not been linked specifically to clinically apparent liver injury in humans although it, like many metals, is toxic to hepatocytes in vitro and causes acute liver injury in experimental animals. Autopsy material from patients with itai-itai disease demonstrates slight increase in fibrosis and steatosis, but the clinical manifestations appear minimal despite high levels of cadmium in liver tissue. The relative lack of hepatic injury with chronic cadmium exposure may relate to potent metallothionein induction in the liver by the trace metal. Cadmium in small quantities is included in many homeopathic medications and in several over-the-counter dietary supplements used to increase vitality and wellness. Source
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    55. Mercury
      • Other Names: hg; mercury, dissolved; mercury, total; colloidal mercury; hydrargyrum; kwik (dutch) ; liquid silver; mercure (french) ; mercurio (italian) ; mercury (acgih:osha) ; mercury fume
      • Common Products: No specific products list mercury as an ingredient, this is likely due to bans across the board from so many agencies.
      • Health Effects: Possible human development toxicant, nervous system toxicity, immune and respiratory toxicity. This is recognized by many institutions as a toxic chemical. Mercury is particularly hazardous during fetal development and is readily absorbed by the skin. The presence of mercury in any cosmetic is a concern and should not be treated lightly.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes
      • Back to Table of Contents
    56. Aluminum
      • Other Names: Aluminum; Aluminium; 7429-90-5; Aluminum metal; Aluminum powder; Aluminio
      • Common Products: Nail Polish, Eye Shadow, Eye Liner, Lip Gloss, Antiperspirant, Deodorant, BB Cream, Moisturizer with SPF, Makeup with SPF, Anti-Aging, Hair Treatment, Hair Serums
      • Health Effects: Aluminum-based compounds vary in their toxicity. Some are linked to neurotoxicity, developmental & reproductive toxicity and cancer. In order to find the effects of aluminum in your cosmetics you need to find the specific type of aluminum.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Can be if it is a specific Aluminum-based compound.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    57. Beryllium
      • Other Names: Beryllium Hydroxide, Beryllium Oxide, Beryllium Chloride
      • Common Products: Eye Shadow, Blush, Foundation,
      • Health Effects: Heavy metals in cosmetics can be toxic and Beryllium is one that not a lot of research has been done on. Heavy metals in cosmetics have been linked to reproductive, immune and nervous system toxicity. This metal is mostly used in overseas (out of US) applications in cosmetics and is very rare to be in US Cosmetics.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Maybe
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, in both.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    58. Antimony
      • Other Names: Antimony; 7440-36-0; Antimony powder; Stibium metallicum; Antimony, metallic; Antimony, elemental
      • Common Products: This can be found in cosmetics imported from overseas from places like South Korea. The products contain Kohl which consists of Antimony and Lead.
      • Health Effects: Short-term effects in humans include irritation of the eyes and lungs and can cause heart and lung problems and a variety of other adverse health effects. Animal studies have shown increased incidence of lung cancer in rats that breathed high levels of antimony.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, in both.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    59. Thallium
      • Other Names: Thallium; 7440-28-0; Ramor; Thallium, metallic; Thallium, elemental; UNII-AD84R52XLF
      • Common Products: Foundation, Blush, Eye Shadow and others.
      • Health Effects: This has the same effect as most of the other metals with damage to the reproductive, immune and nervous system.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, both.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    60. Cocamidopropyl Betaine
      • Other Names: 1-propanaminium, 3-amino-n- (carboxymethyl) -n,n-dimethyl-, n-coco acyl derivs., inner salts; 1-propanaminium, n- (carboxymethyl) -n,n-dimethyl-3- [ (1-oxococonut) amino] -, hydroxide, inner salt; 1propanaminium, 3aminon (carboxymethyl) n,ndimethyl, ncoco acyl derivs., hydroxides, inner salts; cadg; cocamido betaine; cocamidopropyl dimethyl glycine; cocoamidopropyl betaine; cocoyl amide propylbetaine; cocoyl amide propyldi methyl glycine solution; cocoyl amide propyldimethyl glycine; hydroxide inner salt 1-propanaminium, n- (carboxymethyl) -n,n-dimethyl-3- [ (1-oxococonut) amino] -
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Body Wash, Body Cleanser, Liquid Hand Soap, Conditioner, Hair Color, Hair Dye, Hair Bleaching, Bubble Bath, Toothpaste, Exfoliant, Face Scrub, Styling Mousse, Styling Foam, Acne Treatment, Bar Soap, Dandruff Treatment, Scalp Treatment, Bath Oil, Bath Salts, Bath Soak, Baby Soap, Baby Shampoo
      • Health Effects: This chemical has caused dermatitis and allergic reactions that could be either the result of it or manufacturing impurities. An impurity that has been found in this chemical is 3-dimethylaminopropylamine.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    61. Polysorbates (Polysorbate 20, Polysorbate 80, Polysorbate 85, Polysorbate 60
      • Other Names: polysorbate 20, monododecanoate poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs. sorbitan; poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs. sorbitan, monododecanoate; polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate; polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate; poylsorbate-20; sorbimacrogol laurate 300; sorbitan, monododecanoate, poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs.; tween-20; polysorbate 80, mono-9-octadecenoate poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs. sorbitan; poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs. sorbitan, mono-9-octadecenoate; polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate; sorbimacrogol oleate 300; sorbitan, mono- (9z) -9-octadecenoate, poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs.; sorbitan, mono-9-octadecenoate, (z) -poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs.; sorbitan, mono-9-octadecenoate, poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs.; sorbitan, mono9octadecenoate, poly (oxy1,2ethanediyl) derivs., (z) ; armotan pmo-20; atlox 1087; atlox 8916tf; polysorbate 85, poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs. sorbitan, tri-9-octadecenoate; polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan trioleate; polyoxyethylene sorbitan trioleate; sorbimacrogol trioleate 300; sorbitan, tri- (9z) -9-octadecenoate, poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs.; sorbitan, tri-9-octadecenoate, poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs.; sorbitan, tri9octadecenoate, poly (oxy1,2ethanediyl) derivs., (z,z,z) ; tri-9-octadecenoate poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs. sorbitan; emsorb 6903; glycosperse to-20; liposorb to-20; polysorbate 60, monooctadecanoate poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs. sorbitan; monooctadecanoate sorbitan, poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs; poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs. sorbitan, monooctadecanoate; polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate; sorbimacrogol stearate 300; sorbitan, monooctadecanoate, poly (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs.; sorbitan, monooctadecanoate, poly (oxy1,2ethanediyl) derivs.; glycosperse s-20; polyoxyethylene 20 sorbitan monostearate; polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate; polyoxyethylene-40-sorbitan monostearate
      • Common Products: Moisturizer, Moisturizer with SPF, Conditioner, Beach Sunscreen, Sunscreens, Facial Moisturizer, Hand Cream, Styling Gel, Foundation, Acne Treatment, 
      • Health Effects: Organ System Toxicity that doesn't include reproductive systems.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Polysorbate 20 and 80 have a higher low rating, other Polysorbates are low.
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    62. Bronopol - (Actual name: 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3-diol) (See Formaldehyde-Releasing Agents)
      • Other Names: 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3-diol, 1,3-propanediol, 2-bromo-2-nitro-; 1,3propanediol, 2bromo2nitro; 2-bromo-2-nitro- 1,3-propanediol; bronopol; 2-bromo-2-nitro-1,3-propanediol; 2-bromo-2-nitropropan-1,3-diol; 2-bronopol; beta-bromo-beta-nitrotrimethyleneglycol; bronidiol; bronocot; bronopol
      • Common Products: Makeup Remover, Facial Cleanser, Exfoliant, Face Scrub, Conditioner
      • Health Effects: This is a formaldehyde-releaser so it causes exposure to formaldehyde. There is strong evidence that this is a human skin toxicant from multiple organizations like National Library of Medicine HazMap and De Groot AC. Lung and skin toxicant when it is made airborne. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Limited Evidence
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Restricted Use
      • Back to Table of Contents
    63. 5-Bromo-5-nitro-1
      • Other Names:  5-bromo-5-nitro-1,3-dioxane, 1,3-dioxane, 5-bromo-5-nitro-; 1,3dioxane, 5bromo5nitro; 5-bromo-5-nitro- 1,3-dioxane; 5-bromo-5-nitro-1,3 dioxane; 1,3-dioxane, 5-bromo-5-nitro-; 5-brom-5-nitro-1,3-dioxan (german) ; 5-bromo-5-nitro-m-dioxane; bronidox
      • Common Products: Doesn't seem to be in too many products.
      • Health Effects: This is a formaldehyde-releaser so it causes exposure to formaldehyde. There is strong evidence that this is a human skin toxicant from multiple organizations like National Library of Medicine HazMap and De Groot AC.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Limited Evidence
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Restricted Use in Canada & CIR.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    64. Phenoxyethanol
      • Other Names: 2-hydroxyethyl phenyl ether; 2-phenoxy- ethanol; 2-phenoxyethanol; 2-phenoxyethyl alcohol; ethanol, 2-phenoxy-; ethanol, 2phenoxy; ethylene glycol monophenyl ether; phenoxytol; 1-hydroxy-2-phenoxyethane; 2-fenoxyethanol (czech) ; 2-phenoxyethanol
      • Common Products: Moisturizer, Moisturizer with SPF, Conditioner, Sunscreen, Beach Sunscreen, Kids Spray On Sunscreen, Foundation, Facial Moisturizer, Mascara, Shampoo, Styling Gel, Facial Cleanser, Face Mask, Eye Shadow, Lipstick, Makeup with SPF, Eye Liner, Concealer, Hair Serum, Hair Treatment, Hair Styling Products, Body Wash, Body Cleanser, Exfoliant, Face Scrub, Anti-Aging, Around-Eye Cream, Blush, BB Cream, Lip Gloss, Hand Cream, Bronzer, Highlighter, Acne Treatment, Sunless Tanning, Hair Spray, Makeup Primer, Baby Lotion, Nail Polish, After Shave, After Sun Product, Bubble Bath
      • Health Effects: This is a Fragrance typically and has been found to be toxic but not at high levels. This has allowed this chemical to approved for use in many organizations. Infants can be effected by direct exposure by mouth and will effect their nervous system functionality. This can cause eczema reactions or even life threatening allergic reactions.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Restricted in Japan, Not banned in EU or Canada.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    65. Tetrasodium EDTA
      • Other Names: edetate sodium; ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid tetrasodium salt; glycine, n,n 1,2ethanediylbis [n (carboxymethyl) , tetrasodium salt; glycine, n,n'-1,2-ethanediylbis [n- (carboxymethyl) -, tetrasodium salt; n,n'-1,2-ethanediyl bis [n- (carboxymethyl) glycine, tetrasodium salt; n,n'-1,2-ethanediylbis [n- (carboxymethyl) - tetrasodium salt glycine; n,n'-1,2-ethanediylbis [n- (carboxymethyl) glycine] , tetrasodium salt; sodium edetate; tetrasodium ede tate tetrahydrate; tetrasodium edetate; tetrasodium edetate dihydrate
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Body Wash, Body Cleanser, Conditioner, Bar Soap, Moisturizer, Hair Color, Hair Dye, Hair Bleach, Styling Gel, Styling Lotion, Facial Cleanser, Moisturizer with SPF, Liquid Hand Soap, Foundation, Facial Moisturizer, Exfoliant, Facial Scrub, Makeup with SPF, Mascara, Sunscreen
      • Health Effects: Limited health effects with some suspicion of organ toxicity at higher doses.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    66. N,N-Diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET)
      • Other Names: diethyl toluamide, benzamide, n,n-diethyl-3-methyl-; benzamide, n,ndiethyl3methyl; deet; m-delphene; n,n-diethyl-3-methyl- benzamide; n,n-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide; 3-methyl-n,n-diethylbenzamide; ai 3-22542; amincene c-em; autan; benzamide, n,n-diethyl-3-methyl-
      • Common Products: This isn't in any beauty products, just bug repellent.
      • Health Effects: Organ toxicity has been found from using DEET and has especially been found in products that are used around the mouth or on the lips. This is an irritant to skin and can be toxic to many kinds of wildlife. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect:
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, both. 
      • Back to Table of Contents
    67. Diethyl Phthalate
      • Other Names: 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, diethyl ester; 1,2benzenedicarboxylic acid, diethyl ester; dep; diethyl 1,2-benzenedicarboxylate; diethyl ester 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid; diethylphthalate; 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, diethyl ester; anozol; dep; diethyl 1,2-benzenedicarboxylate; diethyl o-phthalateCommon Products: Lotions, Perfume
      • Health Effects: Developmental and Reproductive issues. This is classified and reported as an endocrine disruptor. Toxic effects and organ toxicity were found at moderate doses.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    68. Ethanolamines (MEA, DEA, TEA and more)
      • Other Names:  2-amino- ethanol; 2-aminoethanol; 2-hydroxyethylamine; ethanol, 2-amino-; ethanol, 2amino; mea; monoethanolamine; 2-aminoaethanol (german) ; 2-aminoetanolo (italian) ; 2-aminoethanol (osha) ; 2-hydroxyethylamine
      • Common Products: Eye Shadow, Macara, Eyeliner, Shaving Cream, Soap, Shampoo, Hair Conditioner, Hair Color, Hair Dye, Hair Bleach, Paraffin Waxes, Makeup bases, Foundation, Blush, Fragrance and Sunscreen
      • Health Effects: DEA & TEA Ethanolamines have been shown to be hepatocarcinogenic and can produce cancer in the liver. Organ system toxicity has been shown in studies where sperm structure was altered and ability to swim was reduced. DEA accumulates over time in the kidneys and liver and causes neurotoxic effects and tremors. Pregnant mother's should be concerned with DEA as well with it having studies that show brain development in offspring being permanently effected. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, EU
      • Back to Table of Contents
    69. Octinoxate
      • Other Names: ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate, 2-ethylhexyl p-methoxycinnamate; 2-ethylhexyl 4-methoxycinnamate; 2-ethylhexyl ester p-methoxycinnamic acid; 2-ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate; 2-ethylhexyl p-methoxycinnamate; 2-ethylhexyl-4-methoxycinnamate; ai3-05710; ccris 6200; einecs 226-775-7; escalol; neo heliopan
      • Common Products: Skin Creams, Nail Polish, Sunscreen, Lipstick, Shampoo, Hair Color, Hair Dye, Hair Bleach, Moisturizer with SPF, Sport Suncreen, Spray on Sunscreen, Lip Balm with SPF, Makeup with SPF, Hair Spray, BB Cream, Foundation, Conditioner, Shampoo, Fragrance for Women, Styling Gel, Hair Styling Aide, CC Cream, Lip Balm, Lip Gloss, Moisturizer, Hair Treatment, Hair Serum, Concealer
      • Health Effects: Endocrine Disruptor in some studies it's weak and is some it's moderate. Either way, it seems this chemical is unsafe when concerned with hormone-mimicking effects. In moderate doses this also has shown reproductive and developmental effects. This is also labeled as a bioaccumulation chemical which means it does build up over time when repeatedly exposed.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    70. 3-OXO-L-Gulofuranolactone (See Vitamin C)
    71. Adenex (See Vitamin C)
    72. Allercorb (See Vitamin C)
    73. Antiscorbic Vitamin (See Vitamin C)
    74. Acro-cee (See Vitamin C)
    75. Ascoltin (See Vitamin C)
    76. Sodium Hydroxide
      • Other Names: caustic soda; caustic soda; sodium hydroxide; sodium hydroxide; sodium hydrate; sodium hydroxide (na (oh) ) ; sodium hydroxide solution; caustic soda; hydroxyde de sodium (french) ; lewis-red devil lye; natriumhydroxid (german) ; natriumhydroxyde (dutch) ; soda lye
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Moisturizer, Facial Moisturizer, Moisturizer with SPF, Facial Cleanser, Body Wash, Body Cleanser, Conditioner, Bar Soap, Acne Treatment, Sunscreen, Exfoliant, Face Scrub, Anti-Aging, Around-Eye Cream, Toothpaste, Mask, Makeup Remover, Hand Cream, Mascara, Makeup with SPF
      • Health Effects: Organ toxicity, the Environment Canada Domestic Substance List has it listed as expected to be toxic or harmful. Restricted use is recommended with this product in concentration levels. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, but refer to health effects listing in Canada.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    77. Benzyl Alcohol
      • Other Names: a-toluenol; benzenemethanol; benzylic alcohol; phenylcarbinol; phenylmethanol; phenylmethyl alcohol; alpha-hydroxytoluene; alpha-toluenol; benzal alcohol; benzenecarbinol; benzenemethanol
      • Common Products: Conditioner, Shampoo, Moisturizer, Sunscreen, Moisturizer with SPF, Styling Gel, Facial Moisturizer, Lipstick, Hair Treatment, Hair Serum, Hair Styling Aide, Mascara, Hair Color, Hair Dye, Hair Bleach, Lip Gloss, Hair Spray, Body Wash, Facial Cleanser, Foundation, Exfoliant, Face Scrub, Body Scrub, Hand Cream, Nail Polish
      • Health Effects: This is classified as toxic or harmful by the Environment Canada Domestic Hotlist and by the EU. For the EU the health issues and concerns are only for products that are used around the mouth, lips or aerosolized. This is also suspected to cause urticaria (hives or skin rash) in an occupational setting. Inhalation of high amounts may cause central nervous system effects.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, restricted use.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    78. Prime Yellow Carnauba Wax
      • Other Names: brazil wax; carnauba; carnauba wax; carnauba waxes; copernica cerifera waxes; copernicia cerefera wax; copernicia cerifera wax; coperniia cerifera wax; waxes, carnauba; waxes, copernica cerifera
      • Common Products: Lipstick, Mascara, Eye Liner, Foundation, Concealer, Lip Gloss, Lip Liner, Eye Shadow, Brow Liner, Lip Balm, Lip Balm with SPF, Blush, Styling Gel, Sunscreen, Makeup with SPF, Moisturizer, Facial Powder
      • Health Effects: This additive / wax is really quite safe and there aren't any health effects with the exception of some allergic skin reactions in rare cases. No one has this on a toxic list. The only downside to this wax is the way it's harvested in the Brazil Rainforest by removing leaves from trees and shaking it off, it can stunt the growth of the trees and could present an environmental concern down the road.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    79. Glycolic Acid
      • Other Names: acetic acid, hydroxy; acetic acid, hydroxy-; glycolic alpha-hydroxy acid; glycollic acid; hydroxy- acetic acid; hydroxyacetic acid; hydroxyethanoic acid; 2-hydroxyacetic acid; acetic acid, hydroxy-; alpha-hydroxyacetic acid; hydroxyacetic acid
      • Common Products: Facial Moisturizer, Facial Cleanser, Moisturizer with SPF, Acne Treatment, Anti-Aging, Exfoliant, Face & Body Scrub, Toners, Astringents, Mask, Shampoo
      • Health Effects: Has been classified as a skin irritant for skin eyes and lungs. This is Restricted in cosmetics by concentration or other restrictions by the CIR. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to High Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    80. Arsenic
      • Other Names: arsenic (inorganic only) ; arsenic (total) ; arsenic, dissolved; as; arsen (german,polish) ; arsenic (acgih:osha) ; arsenic black; arsenic, elemental; arsenic-75; arsenicals; colloidal arsenic
      • Common Products: While this isn't supposed to be in products, it can be found in products through contamination. Most makeup products can contain this.
      • Health Effects: Organ toxicity and bioaccumulation, which means this builds up over time. Concerns are really high for pregnant women or breastfeeding moms. This product leads to cancer at the highest level. Arsenic is often found in colorants as a contaminant. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Highest
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, both.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    81. Resorcinol
      • Other Names: 1,3-benzenediol; 1,3benzenediol; 3-hydroxyphenol; ci developer 4; m-dihydroxybenzene; m-hydroquinone; m-phenylenediol; oxidation base 31; resorcin; 1,3-benzenediol; 1,3-dihydroxybenzene
      • Common Products: Hair Color, Hair Bleach, Hair Dye, Shampoo, Acne Medication, Face Peels, Eczema Treatment
      • Health Effects: This product will produce organ system toxicity, skin sensitizer and is a skin and eye irritant. Also of concern is that rescorcinol is an endocrine disrupting chemical. The EDC effects show up in the thyroid hormone synthesis and can cause goiter. Studies show even in low doses resocinol acts like thyroide hormone. Hair stylists and colorists are often the most effected.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Limited evidence
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Restricted in Canada, by CosIng and Japan. 
      • Back to Table of Contents
    82. Camphor
      • Other Names: 2-bornanone; d-camphor; dl-bornan-2-one; dl-camphor; gum camphor; 2-bornanone; 2-camphanone; 2-kamfanon (czech) ; 2-keto-1,7,7-trimethylnorcamphane; bornane, 2-oxo-; camphor, natural
      • Common Products: Nail Polish, Lip Balm with SPF, Blush, Facial Powder, Foundation, Nail Treatment, Acne Treatment, Toners
      • Health Effects: This is not classifed to be toxic by Environment Canada's list. The use is restricted in Canada by concentration. There are no known health issues by using this chemical.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    83. Triphenyl Phosphate (TPHP)
      • Other Names: phosphoric acid, triphenyl ester; triphenyl ester phosphoric acid; celluflex tpp; disflamoll tp; phosflex tpp; reolube tpp; reomol tpp; tpp; trifenylfosfat (czech) ; triphenyl phosphate (acgih:osha)
      • Common Products: Nail Polish, Nail Treatment
      • Health Effects: Multiple studies have shown reproductive and endocrine toxic effects even at low doses. This means that it can effect human development of the fetus and can reduce sperm count in men through it's Endocrine disruptive effects. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    84. Xylene
      • Other Names: benzene, dimethyl; benzene, dimethyl-; dimethyl- benzene; dimethylbenzene; meta-xylene; total xylene; total xylenes; xylene (mixed) ; xylenes; xylenes (total) ; benzene, dimethyl-; musk xylene
      • Common Products: Hair Products, Lotion, Body Sprays, Body Wash, Cologne, Perfume, Scented Soap
      • Health Effects: Has shown to be an Endocrine Disrupter, causes organ system toxicity and does have bioaccumulation effects which means it will add up in the body over time. People of concern are lactating women, breast-feeding children, pregnant women and hairdressers.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Banned by Japan due to environmental concerns. EU & the International Fragrance Industry also banned it.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    85. Carbon Black
      • Other Names: channel black; pigment black 6; pigment black 7; acetylene black; aroflow; arogen; arotone; arovel; arrow; atlantic; black pearls
      • Common Products: Nail Polish, Eye Liner, Eye Shadow, Mascara, Blush, Nail Treatment
      • Health Effects: Possible human carcinogen with limited evidence on it causing cancer in some cases. Environment Canada Domestic Substance List has it classified as a high human health priority. NIOSH raised concerns about lymphatic cancer due to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Organ system toxicity was also found in carbon black with exposure showing lung disease, respiratory system problems and increases risk of cardiovascular disease.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Restricted use in US, EU & Canada.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    86. D&C Black No. 2 (See Carbon Black)
    87. Black Acetylene (See Carbon Black)
    88. Black Channel (See Carbon Black)
    89. Black Furnace (See Carbon Black)
    90. Lamp Black (See Carbon Black)
    91. Thermal Black (See Carbon Black)
    92. DEA Ingredients (see Ethanolamine Compounds)
    93. Ethanolamine Compounds (MEA, DEA, TEA)
      • Other Names: 2-amino- ethanol; 2-aminoethanol; 2-hydroxyethylamine; ethanol, 2-amino-; ethanol, 2amino; mea; monoethanolamine; 2-aminoaethanol (german) ; 2-aminoetanolo (italian) ; 2-aminoethanol (osha) ; 2-hydroxyethylamine
      • Common Products: Hair Color, Hair Dye, Hair Bleaching, Shampoo, Hair Serum, Shaving Cream, Mascara, Eye Shadow, Blush, Make-Up Bases, foundation, Fragrances, Sunscreens
      • Health Effects: These chemicals are used as emulsifiers which can be broken down to other chemicals called nitrosamines, nitrosamines are known carcinogens reported by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Liver cancer, kidney tumors, nasal cavity cancer and others are produced by Ethanolamine compounds. Bioaccumulation is a problem with these chemicals as it has stayed behind 52 - 68% of the time on scalps from hair dyes, body lotions and shampoos. DEA has been shown to alter sperm structure, affecting sperm's ability to swim and fertilize the egg. DEA can cause neruotoxic effects such as tremors by accumulating in the liver and kidneys. For pregnant mothers, it has been shown that memory function and brain development in offspring could be permanently effected by mother's exposure to DEA.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium to High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Restricted in EU and restrictions were filed with Cosmetic Ingredient Review & CosIng
      • Back to Table of Contents
    94. Triethanolamine (see Ethanolamine Compounds)
    95. Diethanolamine (see Ethanolamine Compounds)
    96. TEA (see Ethanolamine Compounds)
    97. Cocamide DEA (see Ethanolamine Compounds)
      • Other Names: amides, coco, n,n-bis (2-hydroxyethyl) -; amides, coco, n,nbis (hydroxyethyl) ; coco amides, n,n-bis (2-hydroxyethyl) -; coco n,n-bis (2-hydroxyethyl) - amides; coconut diethanolamide; coconut fatty aci d diethanolamide; coconut fatty acid diethanolamide; cocoyl diethanolamide; diethanolamine coconut fatty acid condensate; n,n-bis (2-hydroxyethyl) - amides, coco; n,n-bis (2-hydroxyethyl) - coco amides
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Facial Cleanser, Body Wash/Cleanser, Liquid Hand Soap
      • Health Effects: Alters sperm structure, causes abnormalities in sperm, accumulates in the kidney and liver leading to organ toxicity and neurotoxic effects such as tremors
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium to High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes, limited evidence in test labs has found it to be heptocarcinogenic (producing cancer in the liver)
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, restricted in EU by CosIng for the percentage use of concentration.
    98. Cocamide MEA (see Ethanolamine Compounds)
      • Other Names: amides, coco, n (hydroxyethyl) ; amides, coco, n- (2-hydroxyethyl) -; amides, coco, n- (hydroxyethyl) ; coco monoethanolamide; coco n- (2-hydroxyethyl) - amides; coconut fatty acid monoethanolamide; cocoyl monoethanolamine; equex aem; monoethanolamine coconut acid amide; n- (2-hydroxyethyl) coco fatty acid amide; n- (2-hydroxyethyl) - amides, coco
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Body Wash/Cleanser, Conditioner, Facial Cleanser, Liquid Hand Soap
      • Health Effects: The Environment Canada Domestic Substance List classifies it as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful to organ systems.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, Cosmetic Ingredient Review has listed it as subject to concentration limits, and it is not safe for aerosolized products.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    99. DEA-cetyl phosphate (see Ethanolamine Compounds)
      • Other Names: 1-hexadecanol, phosphate, compd. with 2,2'-iminobis [ethanol] ; 1hexadecanol, phosphate, compd. with 2,2 iminobis [ethanol] (1:1) ; 2,2'-iminobis- hexadecyl phosphate ethanol; compd. with 2,2'-iminobis [ethanol] 1-hexadecanol, phosphate; diethanolamine cetyl phosphate; ethanol, 2,2'-iminobis-, hexadecyl phosphate; hexadecyl phosphate ethanol, 2,2'-iminobis-; phosphate compd. with 2,2'-iminobis [ethanol] 1-hexadecanol
      • Common Products: Sport Sunscreen, Moisturizer with SPH, Facial Cleanser
      • Health Effects: The Environment Canada Domestic Substance List classifies it as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful to organ systems.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    100. DEA oleth-3 phosphate (see Ethanolamine Compounds)
      • Other Names: diethanolamine oleth-3 phosphate; diethanolamine salt peg-3 oleyl ether phosphate; diethanolamine salt polyethylene glycol (3) oleyl ether phosphate; diethanolamine salt polyoxyethylene (3) ol eyl ether phosphate; diethanolammonium polyoxyethylene (3) oleyl ether phosphate; peg-3 oleyl ether phosphate, diethanolamine salt; polyethylene glycol (3) oleyl ether phosphate, diethanolamine salt; polyoxyethylene (3) ol eyl ether phosphate, diethanolamine salt
      • Common Products: Styling Gel/Lotion, Sport Sunscreen
      • Health Effects: The Environment Canada Domestic Substance List classifies it as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful to organ systems.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    101. Lauramide DEA (see Ethanolamine Compounds)
      • Other Names: diethanolamine lauric acid amide; dodecanamide, n,n-bis (2-hydroxyethyl) -; dodecanamide, n,nbis (2hydroxyethyl) ; lauric acid diethanolamide; lauric diethanolamide; lauric diethanolamide; lauric diethanolamide; lauroyl diethan olamide; n,n-bis (2-hydroxyethyl) - dodecanamide; n,n-bis (2-hydroxyethyl) dodecanamide; n,n-bis (2-hydroxyethyl) lauramide; n,n-diethanoldodecanamide
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Liquid Hand Soap, Hairspray
      • Health Effects: The Environment Canada Domestic Substance List classifies it as being toxic and harmful to organ systems. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, restricted in EU by CosIng for the percentage use of concentration
      • Back to Table of Contents
    102. Linoleamide MEA (see Ethanolamine Compounds)
      • Other Names: Linoleamide MEA; Linoleoyl ethanolamide; Linoleic ethanolamide; N-linoleoylethanolamine; N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)linoleamide; Anandamide (18:2, n-6)
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Liquid Hand Soap, Conditioner
      • Health Effects: The Environment Canada Domestic Substance List classifies it as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful to organ systems.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    103. Myristamide DEA (see Ethanolamine Compounds)
      • Other Names: N,N-bis(2-Hydroxyethyl)myristamide
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Liquid Hand Soap, Hairspray, Conditioner
      • Health Effects: The Environment Canada Domestic Substance List classifies it as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful to organ systems.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, restricted in EU by CosIng for the percentage use of concentration.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    104. Oleamide DEA (see Ethanolamine Compounds)
      • Other Names: 9-octadecenamide, n,n-bis (2-hydroxyethyl) -; 9-octadecenamide, n,n-bis (2-hydroxyethyl) -, (9z) -; 9octadecenamide, n,nbis (2hydroxyethyl) , (z) ; diethanolamine oleic acid amide; n,n-bis (2-hydroxyethyl) - 9-octadecenamide; n,n-bis (2-hydroxyethyl) -9-octadecenamide; n,n-bis (2-hydroxyethyl) oleamide; oleic acid diethanolamide; oleic diethanolamide; oleylamide dea; (z) -n,n-bis (2-hydroxyethyl) -9-octadecenamide
      • Common Products: Hair Dye, Hair Color, Hair Bleach
      • Health Effects: The Environment Canada Domestic Substance List classifies it as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful to organ systems.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, restricted in EU by CosIng for the percentage use of concentration.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    105. Stearamide MEA (see Ethanolamine Compounds)
      • Other Names: monoethanolamine stearic acid amide; n- (2-hydroxyethyl) - octadecanamide; n- (2-hydroxyethyl) octadecanamide; n- (2-hydroxyethyl) stearamide; octadecanamide, n (2hydroxyethyl) ; octadecanamide, n- (2-hydroxyethyl) -; stearic acid monoethanolamide; stearoyl monoethanolamide
      • Common Products: Hair Dye, Hair Color, Hair Bleach
      • Health Effects: The Environment Canada Domestic Substance List classifies it as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful to organ systems.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low Level
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No 
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, determined safe for use in cosmetics with some use limitations by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    106. TEA-lauryl sulfate [2] (see Ethanolamine Compounds)
      • Other Names: tea-lauryl sulfate, sulfuric acid, monodecyl ester compd. with 2,2',2"-nitrilotis [ethanol] (1:1) ; sulfuric acid, monododecyl ester, compd. with 2,2 ,2 nitrilotris [ethanol] (1:1) ; sulfuric acid, monododecyl ester, compd. with 2,2',2"-nitrilotris [ethanol] ; triethanolammonium lauryl sulfate; tris (2-hydroxyethyl) ammonium dodecylsulphate; akyposal tls; cycloryl tawf; cycloryl wat; drene; elfan 4240 t; emal t
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Body Wash, Facial Cleanser
      • Health Effects: The Environment Canada Domestic Substance List classifies it as being toxic and harmful to organ systems. It can also be a concern as skin absorption increases over time.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No 
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, restricted in EU by CosIng for the percentage use of concentration.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    107. Acetyl ethyl tetramethyl tetralin (AETT)
      • Other Names: 7-Acetyl-6-ethyl-1,1,4,4-tetramethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene AETT Ethanone, 1-(3-ethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)- Versalide (trade name)
      • Common Products: Perfume, Cologne, Soap, Detergent, Deodorant
      • Health Effects: It is listed by the CDC as being neurotoxic. Lab tests have found the chemical demonstrates serious neurotoxic properties like discoloration of the skin and internal organs. Nerve damage and inability to control bodily movements may also occur.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, by the EU. The fragrance industry voluntarily discontinued its use, which was accepted by the FDA in 1978.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    108. 6-Methylcoumarin (6-MC)
      • Other Names: 2h-1-benzopyran-2-one, 6-methyl-;2h1benzopyranzone, 6methyl; 6-methyl-2h-1-benzopyran-2-one; 6-methyl-2h-1-benzopyran-2-one; 6-methylbenzopyrone; 6-methylcoumarin; 2h-1-benzopyran-2-one; 6-methyl-;6mc;6-methyl-1,20benzopyrone; 6methylbenzopyronel; 6-methylcoumarin
      • Common Products: Shower Gel, Lotion, Body Mist, Body Oil
      • Health Effects: It is a known human immune system toxicant or allergen, which can cause allergic reactions on the skin.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium to High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, banned by the EU.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    109. Musk Ambrette
      • Other Names: 83-66-9; Amber musk; 4-tert-Butyl-3-methoxy-2,6-dinitrotoluene; Ambrette musk; Synthetic musk ambrette 
      • Common Products: Perfume, Soap, Detergent
      • Health Effects: It is a known human immune system toxicant or allergen, which can cause allergic reactions on the skin.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium to High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No 
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, banned by both.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    110. Nitrosamines
      • Other Names: den (mutagen) ; dena; diaethylnitrosamin (german) ; diethyl nitrosamine; diethylnitrosamide; diethylnitrosamine; diethylnitrosoamine; ethanamine, n-ethyl-n-nitroso- (9ci) ; ethylamine, n-nitrosodi-; n,n-diethylnitrosamine; n-diethylnitrosamine
      • Common Products: Nearly every kind of personal care product
      • Health Effects: Possible carcinogen, strong evidence showing it does cause cancer, reproductive and developmental toxicity, gastrointestinal and liver toxicity, endocrine disruption
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium to High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes, added to the list of 65 carcinogens by California EPA. 
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, banned by both. 
      • Back to Table of Contents
    111. Behentrimonium chloride (BTAC)
      • Other Names: N,N,N-Trimethyldocosan-1-aminium chloride; Docosyltrimethylammonium chloride
      • Common Products: Conditioner, Hair Color and Bleaching, Hair Treatment/ Serum, Styling Gel, Hair Styling Aide, Shampoo, Mask, Detangler
      • Health Effects: Higher concentrations have led to the damage of mucous membranes in the eyes and skin irritation.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium 
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    112. Behentrimonium methosulfate
      • Other Names: 1-docosanaminium, n,n,n-trimethyl-, methosulfate; behenyl trimethyl ammonium methosulfate; docosyltrimethylammonium methyl sulphate; methosulfate 1-docosanaminium, n,n,n-trimethyl-; n,n,n-trimethyl- methosulfate 1-docosanaminium; n,n,n-trimethyl-1-docosanaminium methosulfate
      • Common Products: Conditioner, Styling Gel, Moisturizer, Hair Treatment/ Serum, Shampoo, Detangler, Hair Color and Bleaching
      • Health Effects: There is no evidence of any health effects, and it has been approved by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review to use in cosmetics.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    113. Potassium sorbate
      • Other Names: 2,4-hexadienoic acid, potassium salt; 2,4hexadienoic acid, potassium salt; potassium salt 2,4-hexadienoic acid; 2,4-hexadienoic acid potassium salt; potassium 2,4-hexadienoate; sorbistat-potassium
      • Common Products: Moisturizer, Shampoo, Conditioner, Body Wash, Facial Cleanser, Mascara, Liquid Hand Soap, Foundation, Sunscreen, Styling Gel, Exfoliant Scrub, Hand Cream, Mask, Eye Cream, Toner, Eyeliner, Eyeshadow, Hair Styling Aide, Hair Treatment/ Serum, Makeup Remover, Acne Treatment, Toothpaste, Baby Shampoo, Bubble Bath, Baby Lotion, BB Cream, Lipstick, Baby Soap, Detangler, Blush, Hairspray, Concealer, Facial Powder, Mouthwash, Brow Liner, CC Cream, Hand Sanitizer, Bronzer/ Highlighter, Deodorant 
      • Health Effects: It is a known skin toxicant or allergen and limited evidence has found it can cause organ toxicity. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    114. Sodium chloride
      • Other Names: rock salt
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Body Wash, Bar Soap, Foundation, Liquid Hand Soap, Conditioner, Facial Cleanser, Exfoliant Scrub, Sunscreen, Concealer, BB Cream, Bath salts, Bubble Bath, Styling Gel, Moisturizer, Dandruff Treatment, Toner, CC Cream, Hairspray, Hand Cream
      • Health Effects: Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful by the Environmental Canada Domestic Substance List.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    115. Aluminum chloride hexahydrate
      • Other Names: aluminium chloride; aluminium trichloride; aluminum chloride (alcl3) ; aluminum trichloride; trichloroaluminum; alluminio (cloruro di) (italian) ; aluminium chloride; aluminiumchlorid (german) ; aluminum chloride (1:3) ; aluminum trichloride; chlorure d'aluminium (french)
      • Common Products: Deodorant, Antiperspirant
      • Health Effects: Can be the most dangerous when in aerosol form because when it is inhaled, it can irritate the lungs and lead to buildup of fluid. It may lead to scarring of the lungs. Can be corrosive and will severely burn the eyes if contact is made.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium 
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, banned in Canada for aerosol dispensers. Additionally, cannot be combined with aluminum chlorohydrate. Products containing aluminum chloride must be in the form of an aqueous solution. 
      • Back to Table of Contents
    116. Aluminum chlorohydrate
      • Other Names: aluminium hydroxychloride; aluminum chlorhydrate; aluminum chlorhydrate 50% solution; aluminum chlorhydroxide; aluminum chloride hydroxide; aluminum chloride hydroxide (al2cl (oh) 5) ; aluminum chloride, basic; aluminum chlorohydrol; aluminum hydroxychloride; aluminum oxychloride; basic aluminum chloride
      • Common Products: Deodorant, Antiperspirant
      • Health Effects: Excessive exposure can affect the lungs and lead to respiratory toxicity. Can cause rashes and skin irritations and will damage the eye if contact is made.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium 
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, banned in Canada for use in any deodorant or antiperspirant above 25%. Cannot be combined with aluminum chloride and cannot be in aerosol form.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    117. 3-hydroxypropionic acid (Beta hydroxy acids)
      • Other Names: 3-Hydroxypropionic acid; 503-66-2; 3-Hydroxypropanoic acid; Hydracrylic acid; Hydroxypropionic acid; Beta-Hydroxypropionic acid
      • Common Products: Moisturizer, Facial Cleanser, Shampoo, Conditioner, Body Wash, Toner, Sunscreen
      • Health Effects: Can cause itchiness, burning, pain or redness of the skin. High doses in oral form can lead to birth defects and complications during pregnancy.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    118. Trethocanic acid (Beta hydroxy acids)
      • Other Names: Trethocanic acid; Trethocanoic acid; 3-Hydroxy-3,7,11-trimethyldodecanoic acid; 7007-81-0; Trethocanic acid [INN]
      • Common Products: Facial Cleanser, Moisturizer, Anti-Aging Products, Exfoliant Scrub
      • Health Effects: Can cause redness, stinging and burning, itching and any other general skin irritation. Sensitivity to sunlight may also occur.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    119. Tropic acid (See BHA & AHA)
      • Other Names: Dl-Tropic acid; 3-hydroxy-2-phenylpropanoic acid; 552-63-6; 529-64-6; 2-Phenylhydracrylic acid
      • Common Products: Exfoliant Scrub, Facial Cleanser, Moisturizer
      • Health Effects: Can cause skin irritation, eye irritation and respiratory irritation if inhaled.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    120. Avobenzone
      • Other Names: butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane, 1,3-propanedione, 2-butyl-2-methoxy-1,3-diphenyl-; 2-butyl-2-methoxy-1,3-diphenyl- 1,3-propanedione; 4-tert-butyl-4'-methoxydibenzoylmethane; avebenzone; avo; avobenzona; avobenzonum; bmdbm; butyl methoxybenzoylmethane; einecs 274-581-6; methoxydibenzoylmethane
      • Common Products: Sunscreen, Moisturizer, Lip Balm, Perfume, Lip Gloss, Makeup, Cologne 
      • Health Effects: The breakdown of Avobenzone can lead to allergic reactions in some people like irritated skin and eyes. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Not directly, but Avobenzone breaks down when it exposed to sunlight. This breakdown causes the release of free radicals, which accelerates the aging process and increases the risk of cancer. Lab studies on animal cells have tested positive for mutation. This mutation could also lead to cancer.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, but the FDA limits the concentration to 3% in any product.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    121. Homosalate
      • Other Names: 3,3,5-trimethyl- salicylate cyclohexanol; 3,3,5-trimethylcyclohexyl 2-hydroxybenzoate; 3,3,5-trimethylcyclohexyl salicylate; caswell no. 482b; ccris 4885; coppertone; cyclohexanol, 3,3,5-trimethyl-, salicylate; einecs 204-260-8; epa pesticide chemical code 076603; filtersol ''a''; heliopan
      • Common Products: Sunscreen, Moisturizer, Lip Balm, CC Cream
      • Health Effects: Breast milk contamination, endocrine disruption and skin absorption. The Environment Canada Domestic Substance List classifies it as being toxic or harmful. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, but is restricted to no more than 10% in any product by the EU.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    122. Octisalate
      • Other Names: EHS; 2-ethylhexyl ester benzoic acid, 2-hydroxy-; 2-ethylhexyl ester salicylic acid; 2-ethylhexyl salicylate; ethylhexyl salicylate, 2-ethylhexyl 2-hydroxybenzoate; 2-hydroxy- 2-ethylhexyl ester benzoic acid; benzoic acid, 2-hydroxy-, 2-ethylhexyl ester; benzoic acid, 2hydroxy, 2ethylhexyl ester; brn 2730664; einecs 204-263-4
      • Common Products: Sunscreen, Moisturizer, Perfume, Lip Balm, Lipstick, Makeup, CC Cream, BB Cream, Lip Gloss, Cologne
      • Health Effects: Studies have shown octisalate can lead to allergic reactions and immune effects.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, limited for use up to 5% concentration by the FDA.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    123. Octocrylene
      • Other Names: 2-cyano-3,3-diphenyl acrylic acid, 2-ethylhexyl ester; 2-ethylhexyl 2-cyano-3,3-diphenyl-2-acrylate; 2-ethylhexyl 2-cyano-3,3-diphenyl-2-propenoate; 2-ethylhexyl 2-cyano-3,3-diphenylacrylate; 2-ethylhexyl 2-cyano-3-phenylcinnamate; 2-ethylhexyl ester 2-cyano-3,3-diphenyl acrylic acid; 2-ethylhexyl-2-cyano-3,3-diphenylacrylate; 2propenoic acid, 2cyano3,3diphenyl, 2ethylhexyl ester; ccris 4814; einecs 228-250-8; oc
      • Common Products: Sunscreen, Moisturizer, Lip Balm, Nail Polish
      • Health Effects: Limited evidence shows it causes skin irritation. Can also cause mutations of cells and may be related to cardiovascular disease.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, but limited to 10% in products by the EU.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    124. Prime Yellow Carnauba Wax
      • Other Names: brazil wax; carnauba; carnauba wax; carnauba waxes; copernica cerifera waxes; copernicia cerefera wax; copernicia cerifera wax; coperniia cerifera wax; waxes, carnauba; waxes, copernica cerifera
      • Common Products: Lipstick, Mascara, Eye Liner, Foundation, Concealer, Lip Gloss, Lip Liner, Eye Shadow, Brow Liner, Lip Balm, Lip Balm with SPF, Blush, Styling Gel, Beach Sunscreen, Sport Sunscreen, Makeup with SPF, Moisturizer, Facial Powder, Other Eye Makeup, Baby Sunscreen, Makeup Primer, Facial Moisturizer
      • Health Effects: Low
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: This additive / wax is really quite safe and there aren't any health effects with the exception of some allergic skin reactions in rare cases. No one has this on a toxic list. The only downside to this wax is the way it's harvested in the Brazil Rainforest by removing leaves from trees and shaking it off, it can stunt the growth of the trees and could present an environmental concern down the road.
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
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    125. Dioxybenzone
      • Other Names: Dioxybenzone; 131-53-3; 2,2'-DIHYDROXY-4-METHOXYBENZOPHENONE; Dioxybenzon; Benzophenone-8; Advastab 47
      • Common Products: Sunscreen
      • Health Effects: This is used in sunscreen and is a UVB & UVA sun ray blocker. This is a derivative of benzophenone. The only health effects that have been noted are minor skin irritations.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, the concentration is limited in the US at 3% or less.
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    126. Oxtinoxate
      • Other Names: ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate, 2-ethylhexyl p-methoxycinnamate; 2-ethylhexyl 4-methoxycinnamate; 2-ethylhexyl ester p-methoxycinnamic acid; 2-ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate; 2-ethylhexyl p-methoxycinnamate; 2-ethylhexyl-4-methoxycinnamate; ai3-05710; ccris 6200; einecs 226-775-7; escalol; neo heliopan
      • Common Products: Moisturizer, Sunscreen, Lip Balm, Makeup, Hair Spray, BB Cream, Foundation, Conditioner, Shampoo, Perfume, Lipstick, Styling Gel, CC Cream, Lip Gloss, Hair Treatment, Concealer, Styling Mousse, Cologne
      • Health Effects: Endocrine disruption, can cause mutations of cells and may be related to cardiovascular disease. Studies on animals show reproductive and developmental effects as well as effects on the liver. Absorbs into the skin. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
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    127. Ceteareth-12 / Ceteareth-20
      • Other Names: alcohols, c1618, ethoxylated; peg-12 cetyl/stearyl ether; polyethylene glycol 600 cetyl/stearyl ether; polyoxyethylene (12) cetyl/stearyl ether; ethoxylated fatty alcohols (c16-18)
      • Common Products: Ceteareth-12 is in Makeup Remover, Facial Cleanser, Eye Makeup Remover, Moisturizer with SPF. Ceteareth-20 is in Conditioner, Moisturizer, Hair Color, Hair Bleach, Hair Dye, Styling Gel, Makeup Remover, Moisturizer with SPF, Sunscreen, Facial Moisturizer, Facial Cleanser, Sunless Tanning, Hair Treatment, Exfoliant, Hand Cream
      • Health Effects: Both Ceteareth-12 and Ceteareth-20 have concerns that they could be contaminated with Ethylene Oxide or 1,4-Dixoane which are formaldehyde releasers. This causes penetration of other ingredients and could put skin in the position to take in bad chemicals or impurities so be careful what you use this in conjunction with. This should not be used on damaged, cut or wounded skin.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, has restriction on usages and concentration amounts. 
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    128. Para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA)
      • Other Names: 4-aminobenzoic acid; aminobenzoic acid; p-aminobenzoic acid; p-carboxyaniline; 4-aminobenzoic acid; 4-carboxyaniline; amben; aminobenzoic acid; anticanitic vitamin; p-aminobenzoic acid; p-carboxyaniline
      • Common Products: Sunscreen
      • Health Effects: This product has been discontinued in most sunscreen products due to confirmation of allergic dermatitis and photosensitivity when used. More research also showed that this could be a carcinogen. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: There is potential evidence this can cause cancer.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, in Canada and CosIng as a banned ingredient. 
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    129. Zinc Oxide
      • Other Names: ci 77947; flowers of zinc; low temperature burned zinc oxide; philosopher's wool; pigment white 4; zinc flowers; zinc oxide (non-nano) ; zinc white
      • Common Products: Foundation, Eye Shadow, Concealer, Blush, Facial Moisturizer, Facial Powder, Lipstick, Bronzer, Mask, Lip Gloss, Eye Liner, Acne Treatment
      • Health Effects: The big concern here really is for occupational workers that come into contact with this frequently because it's a bioaccumulator which means over time it builds up in the body. Allergies have been shown in studies in low doses. If this product is aersolized or goes airborne it could cause respiratory issues as a human toxicant. This chemical is recorded as having wildlife and environmental concerns by the EU.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
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    130. Menthyl anthranilate
      • Other Names: 2-aminobenzoate cyclohexanol, 5-methyl-2- (1-methylethyl) -; 5-methyl-2- (1-methylethyl) - 2-aminobenzoate cyclohexanol; 5-methyl-2- (1-methylethyl) cyclohexanol-2-aminobenzoate; anthranilate menthol; anthranilic acid, p-menth-3-yl ester; ccris 2468; cyclohexanol, 5-methyl-2- (1-methylethyl) -, 2-aminobenzoate; cyclohexanol, 5methyl2 (1methylethyl) , 2aminobenzoate; einecs 205-129-8; ma; menthol, anthranilate
      • Common Products: Moisturizer, Lip Balm
      • Health Effects:  The Environment Canada Domestic List includes it as being toxic or harmful to non-reproductive organs. Proven to be an environmental toxin and bioaccumulative.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Possibly, limited research shows tests on animal cells show positive mutation results. However, it is not listed as a known human carcinogen by the American Cancer Society.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
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    131. Dihydroxyacetone (DHA)
      • Other Names: 1,3-dihydroxy 2-propanone; 1,3-dihydroxy-2-propanone; 1,3-dihydroxyacetone; 1,3-dihydroxydimethyl ketone; 2-propanone, 1,3-dihydroxy; 2propanone, 1,3dihydroxy; dihydroxyacetone; 1,3-dihydroxy-2-propanone; 1,3-dihydroxyacetone; 1,3-dihydroxypropanone; chromelin; dihyxal 
      • Common Products: Sunless tanning, Moisturizer  
      • Health Effects: It is not known to be toxic or harmful to organ systems by the Environment Canada Domestic Substance List. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, but is restricted by the FDA Color Additive Status. This means the use of dihydroxyacetone is not approved by the FDA for eye products or products used around the eye and lip products. 
        Back to Table of Contents
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    132. Quaternium-15 (see Formaldehyde)
      • Other Names: quaternium-15, 1- (3-chloro-2-propenyl) - 3,5,7-triaza-1-azoniatricyclo [3.3.1.1] decane; 1- (3-chloro-2-propenyl) -3,5,7-triaza-1-azoniatricyclo [3.3.1.1] decane chloride; 1- (3-chloroallyl) -3,5,7-triaza-1-azoniaadamantane chloride; 3,5,7-triaza-1-azoniatricyclo [3.3.1.1] decane, 1- (3-chloro-2-propenyl) -; 3,5,7triaza1azoniatricyclo [3.3.1.13,7] decane, 1 (3chloro2propenyl) , chloride; chloroallyl methenamine chloride; methenamine 3-chloroally lchloride; methenamine 3-chloroallylochloride; n- (3-chloroallyl) hexaminium chloride; 1- (3-chloroallyl) -3,5,7-triaza-1-azoniaadamantane chloride; dowco 184
      • Common Products: Eye Shadow, Facial Powder, Foundation, Blush, Mascara, Shampoo
      • Health Effects: Known skin toxin and allergen, eye irritation, Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety recommends restricted use in cosmetics based on concentration levels, toxic to non-reproductive organ systems determined by the Environment Canada Domestic Substance List
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Possibly, limited evidence by the International Agency for Research on Cancer suspects it does cause cancer.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
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    133. Imidazolidinyl Urea (see Formaldehyde)
      • Other Names: imidazolidinyl urea, n,n"-methylenebis [n'- [1- (hydroxymethyl) -2,5-dioxo-4-imidazolidinyl] urea] ; n,n''-methylenebis [n'- [3- (hydroxymethyl) -2,5-dioxoimidazolidin-4-yl] urea] ; urea, n,n methylenebis [n [3 (hydroxymethyl) 2,5dioxo4imidazolidinyl] ; urea, n,n"-methylenebis [n'- [1- (hydroxymethyl) -2,5-dioxo-4-imidazolidinyl] -; germall 115; methanebis (n,n'- (5-ureido-2,4-diketotetrahydroimidazole) -n,n-dimethylol) ; n,n''-methylenebis (n'- (1- (hydroxymethyl) -2,5-dioxo-4-imidazolidinyl) urea)
      • Common Products: Facial Powder, Foundation, Styling Gel, Shampoo, Moisturizer, Conditioner, Facial Cleanser, Skin Care Products
      • Health Effects: Strong evidence by Cosmetic Ingredient Review as being a skin toxicant or allergen, De Groot AC shows strong evidence of being a human toxicant. This product releases formaldehyde and can cause allergies to formaldehyde. It is used to be antimicrobial. Skin reactions should be taken seriously and know that this can be telling you that you have an allergy to this ingredient. The release of formaldehyde is the most dangerous part of this ingredient. See formaldehyde to learn more.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Limited evidence of causing cancer.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, this is preservative that is allowed.
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    134. Diazolidinyl Urea (see Formaldehyde)
      • Other Names: diazolidinyl urea, 1- [1,3-bis (hydroxymethyl) -2,5-dioxoimidazolidin-4-yl] -1,3-bis (hydroxymethyl) urea; diazolidynl urea; n- (hydroxymethyl) -n- (1,3-dihydroxymethyl-2,5-dioxo-4-imidazolidinyl) -n'- (hydroxymethyl) urea; n- [1,3-bis (hydroxymethyl) -2,5-dioxo-4-imidazolidinyl-n,n'-bis (hydroxymethyl) - urea; n- [1,3-bis (hydroxymethyl) -2,5-dioxo-4-imidazolidinyl] -n,n'-bis (hydroxymethyl) urea; urea, n- [1,3-bis (hydroxymethyl) -2,5-dioxo-4-imidazolidinyl-n,n'-bis (hydroxymethyl) -; urea, n [1,3bis (hydroxymethyl) 2,5dioxo4imidazolidinyl] n,n bis (hydroxymethyl) ; germall 11; imidazolidinyl urea 11; n- (1,3-bis (hydroxymethyl) -2,5-dioxo-4-imidazolidinyl) -n,n'-bis (hydroxymethyl) urea; n- (hydroxymethyl) -n- (1,3-dihydroxymethyl-2,5-dioxo-4-imidazolidinyl) -n'- (hydroxymethyl) urea
      • Common Products: Styling Gel, Conditioner, Shampoo, Moisturizer, Hair Styling Aide, Styling Mousse, Foundation, Facial Moisturizer, Hair Treatment, Hair Serum, Sunscreen, Moisturizer with SPF, Hair Spray, Facial Cleanser, Acne Treatment
      • Health Effects: The main thing to know about this ingredient is that it is a formaldehyde releaser which creates formaldehyde which is a very dangerous ingredient. This was approved by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review for safe use. Other organizations also approve it, as well as government level ones that restrict the concentration in it. This could be a human skin toxicant that could cause skin allergies and reactions.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium 
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Possibly, there is limited evidence by International Agency for Research on Cancer.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
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    135. Sodium hydroxymethylglycinate (see Formaldehyde)
      • Other Names: sodium hydroxymethylglycinate, glycine, n- (hydroxymethyl) -, monosodium salt; glycine, n- (hydroxymethyl) -, sodium salt; glycine, n- (hydroxymethyl) -. monosodium salt; hydroxymethylaminoacetic acid, sodium salt; n- (hydroxymethyl) - sodium salt glycine; n- (hydroxymethyl) -. monosodium salt glycine; n- (hydroxymethyl) glycine, sodium salt; sodium hydroxymethylglycinate sodium hydroxymethylglycinate; sodium n- (hydroxymethyl) glycinate; sodium salt glycine, n- (hydroxymethyl) -; sodium salt n- (hydroxymethyl) glycine
      • Common Products: Styling Gel, Moisturizer, Shampoo, Facial Cleanser, Bubble Bath, Facial Moisturizer, Body Wash, Sunscreen
      • Health Effects: Human toxciant or allergen, limited evidence on cancer causation, limited data in some areas of this specific chemical which causes what they call "Data Gaps." 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Limited evidence on this chemical, which increases if it's releasing formadelhyde, which this is a formaldehyde releaser. 
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, determined safe for use depending on concentration and use.
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    136. 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1 (see Formaldehyde)
      • Other Names: 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3-diol, 1,3-propanediol, 2-bromo-2-nitro-; 1,3propanediol, 2bromo2nitro; 2-bromo-2-nitro- 1,3-propanediol; bronopol; 2-bromo-2-nitro-1,3-propanediol; 2-bromo-2-nitropropan-1,3-diol; 2-bronopol; beta-bromo-beta-nitrotrimethyleneglycol; bronidiol; bronocot; bronopol
      • Common Products: Makeup Remover, Facial Cleanser, Exfoliant, Face Scrub, Conditioner
      • Health Effects: This is a formaldehyde-releaser so it causes exposure to formaldehyde. There is strong evidence that this is a human skin toxicant from multiple organizations like National Library of Medicine HazMap and De Groot AC. Lung and skin toxicant when it is made airborne. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes, if it produces formaldehyde and that is consumed or absorbed.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
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    137. 3-diol or bromopol (see Formaldehyde)
    138. Hydroquinone
      • Other Names: 1,4-benzenediol; 1,4-dihydroxybenzene; 1,4benzenediol; 4-hydroxyphenol; p-dioxybenzene; p-hydroxyphenol; 1,4-benzenediol; 1,4-dihydroxy-benzeen (dutch) ; 1,4-dihydroxy-benzol (german) ; 1,4-dihydroxybenzen (czech) ; 1,4-dihydroxybenzene
      • Common Products: Skin Fading, Skin Lightener, Facial Moisturizer, Antiperspirant, Deodorant, Hair Dye, Hair Color, Hair Bleach
      • Health Effects: Has shown reproductive and developmental toxicity in humans. Can toxify respiratory systems, can damage cardiovascular systems, produce organ toxicity, liver toxicity, gastrointestinal issues and can be a skin allergen.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes, limited evidence from multiple agencies of this being a carcinogen. Agencies showing evidence are EU Classification and Labeling, American Conference of Government Hygienists, CTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary, Carcinogenic Potency Database, IARC
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Restricted in every government organization besides the US by usage limits and concentration limits.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    139. Idrochinone (See Hydroquinone)
    140. Quinol/1-4 dihydroxy benzene/1-4 hydroxy benzene (See Hydroquinone)
    141. 1-4-Benzenediol (See Hydroquinone)
    142. Propyl - E216 (See Parabens)
    143. Butyl - E209 (See Parabens)
    144. Heptyl - E209 (See Parabens)
    145. Isopropyl (See Parabens)
    146. Isobutyl (See Parabens)
    147. Methyl Parabens - E218 (See Parabens)
    148. Ethyl - E214 (See Parabens)
    149. Benzyl (See Parabens)
    150. Phenyl (See Parabens)
    151. Pentyl (See Parabens)
    152. 4-hydroxybenzoic acid - PHBA (See Parabens)
    153. Diethyl (See Phthalates)
    154. Retinol
      • Other Names: retinol, 3,7-dimethyl-9- (2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl) -2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol; dry formed vitamin a; vitamin a; 2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol, 3,7-dimethyl-9- (2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl) -, (all-e) -; 3,7-dimethyl-9- (2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl) -2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol; acon; afaxin; agiolan; all-trans-retinol; all-trans-vitamin a alcohol; alphalin
      • Common Products: Moisturizer with SPF, Facial Moisturizer, Anti-Aging, Moisturizer, Around-Eye Cream, Conditioner, Foundation
      • Health Effects: California EPA's Proposition 65 identifies all trans retinoic acid as a developmental toxicant. It also identifies retinol as developmental toxicants but only when daily dosages exceed 10,000 international units. Recommended daily level for a pregnant mom is 8,000 international units. Cancer probabilities can increase if usage of retinols and retinyl palmitate if skin is exposed to the sun. An FDA study has also shown that retinoid ingredients may speed development of skin tumors and lesions on sun-exposed skin. To avoid health implications look for retinol products that have less than 10,000 IU (International Units)
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium to High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Limited evidence but in different cases, for instance, when used in the sun, cancer risk is elevated.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No but the derivative of retinol, retinoic acid is banned in the EU. 
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    155. Vitamin A (See Retinol)
    156. Retinoic Acid (See Retinol)
    157. Retinaldehyde (Base name is Retinal - See Retinol)
      • Other Names: retinaldehyde; trans-retinal; vitamin a aldehyde; all-e-retinal; all-trans-retinal; alpha-retinene; axerophthal; e-retinal; retinal (9ci) ; retinaldehyde; retinene
      • Common Products: Facial Moisturizer, Anti-Aging, Hair-Loss Treatment, Sunscreen, Moisturizer with SPF, Around-Eye Cream, 
      • Health Effects: Evidence of reproductive toxicity, skin toxicity, suspected to be persistent or bioaccumulative. There are concerns with this chemical that it can have reproductive effects and developmental problems with having a child. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: In animals studies & in vitro tests on mammalian cells showed signs of cancer.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Restricted for use in Canada
      • Back to Table of Contents
    158. Adapalene (See Retinol)
    159. Tazarotene (See Retinol)
    160. Isotretinoin (See Retinol)
    161. Thioglycollic acid
      • Other Names: acetic acid, mercapto; acetic acid, mercapto-; mercapto- acetic acid; mercaptoacetic acid; sulfhydrylacetic acid; thioglycollic acid; thiovanic acid; 2-mercaptoacetic acid; 2-thioglycolic acid; acide thioglycolique (french) ; alpha-mercaptoacetic acid
      • Common Products: Depilatory, Hair Removal Waxes, Shaving Cream
      • Health Effects: Strong evidence has found it to be toxic to human skin especially for products that may be used around the mouth and lips. It also raises an issue if it becomes aerosolized. This is recommended as one of the top ingredients to avoid if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. CIR has it listed with strong evidence as a skin toxicant or allergen. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, but it restricted by both. Hair straightening products for general use must not exceed 8% concentration and have a pH level between 7 and 9.5. For professional use, hair straightening products must not exceed 11% concentration and have a pH level between 7 and 9.5. For depilatory products, pH level must be between 7 and 12.7 and not exceed 5% concentration. The EU extends the regulations by prohibiting other hair care products that are removed after application to 2% concentration and a pH level of 9.5.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    162. Acetyl Mercaptan (See Thioglycollic Acid)
    163. Sodium Mercaptoacetate (See Thioglycollic Acid)
    164. Mercaptoacetic Acid (See Sodium Mercaptoacetate)
    165. Thiovanic Acid (See Thioglycollic Acid)
      • Other Names: Thioglycollic Acid
    166. Methylbenzene (See Toluene)
    167. Toluol (See Toluene)
    168. Phenylmethane (See Toluene)
    169. Methacide (See Toluene)
    170. Antisal 1a (See Toluene)
    171. Retinoids
      • Other Names: Retinoids is a family of many different ingredients. Instead of Other names, these are different compounds of the Retinol ingredient which is broken down into many derivatives. The most important Retinoids to avoid are Retnoic Acid and Retinyl Palmitate, you can find both listed in our list of ingredients to find the details and health warnings on those specific ones. Another way you will see Retinoids referred to is Vitamin A.
      • Common Products: Anti-aging creams, Anti-Aging Lotions, Moisturizers, Foundations and other skin products that aim for a more youthful appearance.
      • Health Effects: Please refer to your specific retinoid compound or derivative for specific health effects.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes, depending on the derivative of retinoids they can cause cancer especially when exposed to sun light.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
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    172. Retin-A (See Retinoids)
      • Other Names: This is a brand name of a Retinoid with the chemical generic name of Tretinoin.
    173. Accutane (See Retinoids)
      • Other Names: This is a brand name of Isotretinoin.
    174. Avage - Tazarotene (See Retinoids)
    175. Fabior - Tazarotene (See Retinoids)
    176. Taxorac - Tazarotene (See Retinoids)
    177. Avita - Tretinoin (See Retinoids)
    178. Differin - Adapelene (See Retinoids)
    179. Panretin - Alitretinoin (See Retinoids)
    180. Renova - Tretinoin (See Retinoids)
      • Other Names: This is a brand name - Renova - for the Retinoid Tretinoin.
    181. Retinyl Linoleate (See Retinoids)
    182. Targretin gel - bexarotene (See Retinoids)
    183. Tetracycline
      • Other Names: Sumycin, Tetracyn, Panmycin
      • Common Products: This is used as an antibiotic to treat infections, acne, cholera, brucellosis, plague, malaria and syphilis. 
      • Health Effects: Side effects are things like vomiting, rash, diarrhea, loss of appetite. In young children it can cause poor tooth development, kidney issues and getting a sunburn easier. Use during pregnancy is not recommended. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    184. Doxycycline (See Tetracycline)
    185. Minocycline (See Tetracycline)
    186. BzBP (See Phthalates)
    187. DEP (See Phthalates)
    188. DMP (See Phthalates)
    189. Diethyl (See Phthalates)
    190. Benzylbutyl phthalate (See Phthalates)
    191. Ammonia
      • Other Names: ammonia (nh3-n) ; ammonia nitrogen unionized (as n) ; ammonia, anhydrous; ammonia, unionized; nh3-n; unionized ammonia; unionized ammonia as n; am-fol; ammonia (acgih:osha) ; ammonia anhydrous; ammonia gas
      • Common Products: Sunscreen, Muscle/joint Products for Soreness
      • Health Effects: Found to be toxic and harmful to humans by the Environment Canada Domestic Substance List. Limited evidence on skin irritation, respiratory and organ toxicity.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium to High, depending on usage amounts
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, but it is restricted by the EU. It is limited to 6%. For labeling purposes, the product must say it contains ammonia if it is above 2%.
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    192. Botulinim Toxin
      • Other Names: Botulinum toxin A is marketed under brand names Botox, Dysport and Xeomin. Botulinum toxin B is marketed under the brand name Myobloc & Neurobloc.
      • Common Products:
      • Health Effects: While it is generally safe in use, in cosmetic applications if it's injected into the wrong muscle group it can cause paralysis of unintended muscles. Facial paralysis, muscle weakness and trouble swallowing can be other side effects. Other side effects can be headache, flu symptoms and allergic reactions.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    193. Botox (See Botulinim Toxin)
    194. AHA - Alpha Hydroxy Acid
      • Other Names:
      • Common Products:
      • Health Effects: FDA received a total of 114 adverse dermatologic experience reports for AHA-containing skin care products between 1992 and February 2004, with the maximum number in 1994. The reported adverse experiences included burning (45), dermatitis or rash (35), swelling (29), pigmentary changes (15), blisters or welts (14), skin peeling (13), itching (12), irritation or tenderness (8), chemical burns (6), and increased sunburn (3). The frequency of such reports for skin exfoliating products that contain AHAs has been considerably lower in subsequent years. The more serious adverse reactions appear to occur most often with products that cause the greatest degree of exfoliation, such as "skin peelers."
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Limited evidence.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    195. Lactic Acid (See BHA & AHA)
    196. Benzoyl Peroxide (See BHA & AHA)
      • Other Names: dibenzoyl peroxide; peroxide, dibenzoyl; acnegel; aztec bpo; benzoperoxide; benzoyl peroxide (acgih:osha) ; benzoyl superoxide; benzoylperoxid (german) ; benzoylperoxyde (dutch) ; bzf-60; cadat bpo
      • Common Products: Acne Treatment, Facial Cleanser, Exfoliant, Face Scrub, Facial Moisturizer, Mask
      • Health Effects: While this can cause skin allergies and reactions, there are not major health implications to the use of this product. In some animal studies it was toxic to organs in moderate doses. This is restricted in Cosmetics by concentration by CosIng.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Limited evidence.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, but restricted.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    197. Betaine Salicylate (See BHA & AHA)
    198. Citric Acid (See BHA & AHA)
    199. Dicarbonous Acid (See BHA & AHA)
    200. Glycolic Acid (See BHA & AHA)
      • Other Names: Glycolic Acid is an Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA) please refer to that link for more information.
    201. Hyroacetic Acid (See BHA & AHA)
    202. Hyroxyacetic Acid (See BHA & AHA)
    203. Trethocanic Acid (See BHA & AHA)
    204. 2-hydroxyethanoic Acid (See BHA & AHA)
    205. Soy
      • Other Names: Most uses of Soy in cosmetics are used in phthalates from Soy Protein Phthalate. This is to moisturize and soften skin.
      • Health Effects: There aren't many health effects with soy products. You can assume it is generally safe. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
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    206. Lethicin (See Soy)
      • Other Names: egg yolk lecithin; egg yolk lecithins; glycine soja (soybean) lecithin; glycine soja lecithin; lecithin, soybean; lecithins; lecithins, egg yolk; soybean lecithin; soybean phospholipid; acti-flow 68sb; af 1
      • Common Products: Sunscreen, Moisturizer with SPF, Facial Moisturizer, Foundation, Mascara, Moisturizer, Lipstick, Eye liner, Conditioner, Hair Color, Hair Bleach, Hair Dye, Shampoo, Around-Eye Cream, Anti-Aging, BB Cream, Makeup with SPF, Lip Gloss, Blush, Nail Polish, Facial Powder, Eye Shadow, Concealer, CC Cream, Lip Balm with SPF, Facial Cleanser
      • Health Effects: There aren't many health effects with Lethicin but some cases may show possible immune & respiratory reactions or allergic reactions, this only applies to products that become airborne.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
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    207. Phosphatidycholine (See Lethicin)
      • Other Names: This is a purified grade of Lethicin containing no less than 95% of the phospholipid.
    208. Textured Vegetable Protein - TVP
      • Other Names: Textured Soy Protein (TSP), Soy Meat, Soya Chunks, Defatted Soy Flour
      • Health Effects: Upset stomach, vomiting, diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome, rashes, mouth lesions, headaches, migraines, shortness of breath and heart attack-like symptoms.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    209. Tretinoin (See Retinol)
      • Other Names: This is the generic name of many branded Retinoid products (Retin-A, Retin-A Micro, Atralin, Renova, Avita). It's mainly used for acne, wrinkles, hyperpigmentation, sun-damaged skin and other skin ailments. For health implications please refer to the Retinol link.
    210. Pure Essential Oils
      • Other Names: Aromatherapy, "natural fragrance", "organic fragrance", aromatic oils, fragrant oils, ethereal oils, essential oils
      • Common Products: Diffuser Products, Natural Cosmetics, Fragrance in Beauty Products
      • Health Effects: "Many people think essential oils are harmless because they are natural and have been used for a long time. In some cases, that is simply not true. Many essential oils can cause rashes if used on the skin. Many can be poisonous if absorbed through the skin or swallowed. Few have been tested like medicines have, even though people put them in their mouths, on their skin, and in their children’s vaporizers. Aspirating an essential oil can cause pneumonia; this can happen if someone tries to swallow it, but chokes so that a little goes into the lungs." National Poison Control (Poison.org). Essential oils considered unsafe during pregnancy or during breastfeeding are: Aniseed, Angelica, Basil, Black pepper, Camphor, Cinnamon, Chamomile, Clary Sage (often used during labor by midwives safely), clove, fennel, fir, ginger, horseradish (should not be used by anyone), Jasmine, Juniper, Marjoram, Mustard, Mugwart (should not be used by anyone), Myrrh, Nutmeg, Oregano, Peppermint, Rosemary, Sage, Thyme, Wintergreen. - WellnessMama
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    211. Jasmine (See Pure Essential Oils)
      • Other Names: Jasmine Essential Oil, Jasmine Oil 
      • Common Products: Body Oil, Moisturizer, Conditioner, Shampoo, Perfume
      • Health Effects: There are known negative health effects at this time as there is not enough information to know how jasmine might work. It may cause allergic reactions, and it is not recommended to take it in medicinal amounts if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    212. Clary Sage (See Pure Essential Oils)
      • Other Names: salvia sclarea (clary) oil, clary (salvia sclarea l.) ; clary essential oil; clary oil; clary oil (salvia sclarea l.) ; clary sage essential oil; clary sage oil; clary sage oil, essential; clary sage oil; clary sage oil; oil of clary sage; sage (clary) oil; sage (clary) oil, absolute; sclaree sage oil; essential clary sage oil; oil of clary; oil, essential, clary sage
      • Common Products: Moisturizer, Facial Moisturizer, Moisturizer with SPF, Sunscreen, Conditioner, Foundation, Bar Soap, Shampoo, Body Oil, Hair Serum, Baby Lotion, Body Wash, Hand Cream, Facial Cleanser, Liquid Hand Soap, Face Mask
      • Health Effects: This isn't classified as toxic or harmful. No adverse effects have been seen from the use of this type of essential oil. Using this in a diffuser could cause could cause some mild irritations.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    213. Heavy Metals
      • List of Heavy Metals found in Cosmetics: Chromium, Hydrogenated Cotton Seed Oil, Sodium Hexametaphosphate, Lead Acetate, Thimerosal, Arsenic, Cadmium, Cobalt, Lead, Mercury, Nickel.
      • Common Products: The problem with heavy metals is that they aren't listed on the ingredient labels as they are almost always contaminates. Some of the items above in list of heavy metals are names you could find on the label. Eye Shadow, Foundation, Sunscreen, blush, Concealer, Moisturizer, Eyeliner, Nail Polish, Whitening Toothpaste, Lip Balm, Lip Stick, Lip Moisturizer, Eye Drops. The FDA found that Eye Shadow, Blushes and Compact Powders have the most heavy metals than other cosmetics.
      • Health Effects: Immunotoxicity, Reproductive Toxicity, Developmental Toxicity, Organ Toxicity, Cancer, Bioaccumulation, Allergies
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium to High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, most heavy metals are banned in Canada, Japan and the EU. Use is restricted in the US.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    214. Phenylenediamine (See Coal Tar Dye)
    215. Ethylene Oxide
      • Other Names: oxirane; 1,2-epoxyaethan (german) ; 1,2-epoxyethane; aethylenoxid (german) ; alpha,beta-oxidoethane; amprolene; anprolene; anproline; dihydrooxirene; dimethylene oxide; e.o.
      • Common Products: Hopefully you don't have products with this in it, it is an impurity that shows in specific manufactured chemicals like: Polysorbate-20, Sodium Laureth Sulfate, PEG-100 Stearate, Polysorbate-60, Cetyl PEG, PPG-10, 1 Dimethicone, Ceteareth-20, Laureth-7, PEG-40 and more.
      • Health Effects: Lung and eye irritation. This is a know human carcinogen. Limited evidence on developmental and reproductive systems. Limited evidence of kidney and respiratory toxicity. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes, confirmed with lots of evidence.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: California EPA Proposition 65 has it listed as a possible human developmental toxicant. Canada and EU have not banned this chemical.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    216. Butylated Hydroxyanisole (See BHA)
    217. Hydroxyanisole (See BHA)
    218. Methenamine (See Formaldehyde)
      • Other Names: methenamine, 1,3,5,7-tetraazatricyclo [3,3,1,1] decane; 1,3,5,7tetraazatricyclo [3.3.1.13,7] decane; aminoform; formamine; hexamethylene tetramine; hexamethyleneamine; methenamide; methenamin; 1,3,5,7-tetraazaadamantane; 1,3,5,7-tetraazatricyclo (3.3.1.1 (sup 37) ) decane; 2-acetylimino-3-methyl-delta (sup 4) -1,3,4-thiadiazoline-5-sulfonamide
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Cuticle Treatments
      • Health Effects: This is one of the formaldehyde releasers that runs on the more dangerous side in regards to ratings of health concerns. This specific formaldehyde releaser is used as an antimicrobial but has high chemical release concerns. Organ system toxicity goes along with this exposure in non-reproductive organs. This product should not be used and is not safe in products that will be aerosolized. This has been considered safe to use in cosmetics by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review with restrictions on concentration or use.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium to High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes, with limited evidence.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    219. Phenacetin
      • Other Names: acetamide, n (4ethoxyphenyl) ; acetamide, n- (4-ethoxyphenyl) -; acetophenetidin; n- (4-ethoxyphenyl) - acetamide; n- (4-ethoxyphenyl) acetamide; n-acetyl-p-ethoxyaniline; 1-acetamido-4-ethoxybenzene; 4'-ethoxyacetanilide; 4-ethoxyacetanilide; acet-p-phenalide; acet-p-phenetidin
      • Common Products: Facial Hair Bleach, Hair Dye, Hair Color
      • Health Effects: It has been determined to be toxic and harmful to humans with limited evidence pointing toward organ and blood toxicity.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium to High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes, it is a known human carcinogen determined by the International Agency for Research on Cancer.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, it is not banned or restricted by either.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    220. Chromium
      • Other Names: chromium (total) ; chromium, dissolved; chromium; chromium metal; cr; pbde-1; pbde-2; pbde-3; chrome; chromium, metal (acgih)
      • Common Products: Eye Shadow
      • Health Effects:Toxic to immune and respiratory systems, toxic to the environment
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium to High, depending on usage amounts
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No, but chromium hexavalent compounds and chromium (VI) compounds are known carcinogens by the American Cancer Society.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, banned by both.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    221. Crystalline Silica - Quartz
      • Other Names: quartz, micronized rose quartz; quartz (sio2) ; quartz particles; rose quartz powder; agate; alpha-quartz; amethyst; chalcedony; cherts; crystalline silica; crystallized silicon dioxide
      • Common Products: Mask, Sunscreen, Shampoo, Exfoliant, Lipstick, Foundation
      • Health Effects: Very toxic for the respiratory system for products that may be aerosolized
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium, depending on usage amounts
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Yes, silica dust, crystalline, in the form of quartz or cristobalite is a known carcinogen by the American Cancer Society. Additionally, when products contain crystalline silica are aerosolized, they are known to be a carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    222. Methylene Glycol (See Formaldehyde Releasers)
      • Other Names: Formaldehyde water, water formaldehyde, formaldehyde H2O, HCHO water, formaldehyde, hydrate, formalin water 
      • Common Products: Hair Straightening Products
      • Health Effects: Cosmetic Ingredient Review has concluded it is not safe for use in cosmetics. The amount of concentration levels and the temperature of the straightner can lead to skin irritation like swelling of the eyes and breathing difficulties.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium to High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: When it is applied to the hair and heated through hair straightening products, it is inhaled as a formaldehyde gas. Formaldehyde is a known carcinogen.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, by Canada
      • Back to Table of Contents
    223. Retinyl Acetate - Vitamin A Acetate
      • Other Names: retinyl acetate, acetic acid, retinyl ester; retinol acetate; retinol, acetate; retinyl acetate (vitmin a acetate) ; retinyl ester acetic acid; vitamin a acetate; all-trans-retinyl acetate; crystalets; myvak; myvax; trans-vitamin a acetate
      • Common Products: Foundation, Sunscreen, Makeup, Moisturizer, Lipstick, Facial Powder, Shaving Cream, Body Wash
      • Health Effects: FDA labels it as a human reproductive toxicant, causes mutations, links to cardiovascular disease, leads to skin toxicity, absorbs into the skin
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Studies conducted by the National Toxicology Program found tumors in animals exposed to very low doses. Mutation has occurred in animal cells and non-animal cells as well. The evidence of cancer in humans is limited.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, by Canada. Banned and found unsafe by German BfR.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    224. Geraniol
      • Other Names: 106-24-1, Lemonol, Geranyl alcohol, Trans-Geraniol, (E)-Geraniol, trans-3-7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-ol
      • Common Products: Styling Gel, Conditioner, Shampoo, Moisturizer, Hair Color and Bleaching, Hairspray, Lipstick, Hair Treatment, Perfume, Body Oil, Facial Cleanser, Lip Gloss, Hand Cream, Cologne, Mask, Styling Mousse, Lip Balm, Anti-aging Products, Exfoliant, Toner, Deodorant, Body Wash, Sunless Tanning, Foundation, Around-eye Cream
      • Health Effects: SCCPNFP Opinion on Fragrance Allergy determined it to be a known immune system toxicant and allergen.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, restricted by the EU. The substance must be listed in the ingredient list when its concentration exceeds: 0.001% in leave-on products and 0.01% in rinse-off products.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    225. Limonene
      • Other Names: 1-methyl-4- (1-methylethenyl) cyclohexene; 1-methyl-4-isopropenpylcyclohexene; d,l-limonene (isomer unspecified) ; dipentene; dl-limonene; dl-limonene (racemic) ; limonene essential oil; (+) -4-isopropenyl-1-methylcyclohexene; (+) -r-limonene; (-) -limonene; (s) -limonene
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Conditioner, Styling Gel, Moisturizer, Hair Styling Aide, Hairspray, Lipstick, Hair Treatment, Perfume, Facial Cleanser, Lip Gloss, Body Wash, Exfoliant, Styling Mousse, Cologne, Lip Balm, Mask, Body Oil, Hand Cream, Sunscreen, Toner, Anti-aging Product, Hair Color and Bleaching, Deodorant, Sunless Tanning, Foot Moisturizer, Around-eye Cream, BB Cream, Acne Treatment, Hair Relaxer, Lip Liner, Detangler, Bubble Bath, Makeup Remover, Shaving Cream
      • Health Effects: Is a known immune system toxicant and can lead to developmental effects at high doses. Known to irritate skin and eyes.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No, limited evidence cannot prove it is a human carcinogen. 
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, but is restricted by the EU. It must be listed in the ingredient list when it exceeds: 0.001% in leave-on products and 0.01% in rinse-off products. Additionally, the peroxide value must be less than 20 mmoles/L. 
      • Back to Table of Contents
    226. Linalool
      • Other Names: 1,6-octadien-3-ol, 3,7-dimethyl-; 1,6octadien3ol, 3,7dimethyl; 2,6-dimethyl- 2,7-octadien-6-ol; 2,6-dimethyl-2,7-octadien-6-ol; 2,7-octadien-6-ol, 2,6-dimethyl-; 3,7-dimethyl- 1,6-octadien-3-ol; 3,7-dimethyl-1,6-octadien-3-ol; 3,7-dimethyl-1,6-octadiene-3-ol ; linalool essential oil; linalyl alcohol; 2,6-dimethylocta-2,7-dien-6-ol
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Conditioner, Styling Gel, Moisturizer, Hair Styling Aide, Hairspray, Hair Treatment, Hair Color and Bleaching, Lipstick, Perfume, Facial Cleanser, Lip Gloss, Body Wash, Cologne, Body Oil, Styling Mousse, Exfoliant, Mask, Lip Balm, Hand Cream, Toner, Sunscreen, Anti-aging Products, Lip Balm, Deodorant, Around-eye Cream, Sunless Tanning, Foundation, Makeup Remover, BB Cream, Detangler, Bubble Bath, Acne Treatment, Body Spray, After Shave
      • Health Effects: SCCPNFP Opinion on Fragrance Allergy has found it to be a possible immune system toxicant.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, but is restricted by the EU. It must be listed in the ingredient list when it exceeds: 0.001% in leave-on products and 0.01% in rinse-off products.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    227. Citral
      • Other Names: 2,6-octadienal, 3,7-dimethyl-; 2,6octadienal, 3,7dimethyl; 3,7-dimethyl- 2,6-octadienal; 3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienal; 3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienal; lemsyn gb; nci-c56348
      • Common Products:
      • Health Effects: Moisturizer, Conditioner, Moisturizer, Styling Gel, Perfume, Shampoo, Cologne, Hair Styling Aide, Body Oil, Facial Cleanser, Lip Balm, Hand Cream, Lipstick, Toner, Hair Treatment, Anti-Aging, Body Wash, Mask, Exfoliant, Sunscreen, Lip Gloss
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No, but it is restricted by the EU. It must be listed in the ingredient list when it exceeds: 0.001% in leave-on products and 0.01% in rinse-off products. 
      • Back to Table of Contents
    228. Citronellol
      • Other Names: 3,7-dimethyl- 6-octen-1-ol; 3,7-dimethyl-6-octen-1-ol; 3,7-dimethyl-6-octen-1-ol; 3,7-dimethyl-6-octen-1-ol; 6-octen-1-ol, 3,7-dimethyl-; dl-citronellol; l-citronellol; 2,6-dimethyl-2-octen-8-ol; 3,7-dimethyl-6-octen-1-ol; cephrol; rhodinol; rodinol
      • Common Products: Shampoo, Conditioner, Styling Gel, Hair Styling Aide, Hair Spray, Moisturizer with SPF, Facial Moisturizer, Hair Color, Hair Bleach, Hair Dye, Hair Treatment, Hair Serum, Lipstick, Moisturizer, Fragrance for Women, Facial Cleanser, Fragrance for Men, Face Mask, Styling Mousse, Styling foam, Lip Gloss, Body Oil, Hand Cream, Anti-aging, Exfoliant, Toners, Astringents, Sunscreen, Beach Sunscreen, Sunless Tanning, Foundation, BB Cream
      • Health Effects: This is often used as a fragrance or fragrance enhancer in products you use. It is approved for use by a number of organizations in safe to use with limits on concentration and manufacturing restrictions. Health problems it can cause are things like immune system toxicity lowering the immune system as it responds and could create an allergy. 
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    229. Benzalkonium chloride - BAC
      • Other Names: alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride; benzalkonium chloride solution; quaternary ammonium compounds, benzylcoco alkyldimethyl, chlorides; alkyl dimethylbenzyl ammonium chloride; alkyldimethyl (phenylmethyl) quaternary ammonium chlorides; ammonyx; arquad dmmcb-75; barquat mb-50; bayclean; benirol; benzalkonium a
      • Common Products: Acne Treatment, Blemish Remover, Zit Cream, Hand Sanitizer, Moisture with SPF, Facial Cleanser, Foundation, Makeup Remover, Concealer, Moisturizer, Facial Moisturizer, Shampoo, Body Wash, Liquid Hand Soap, Astringent
      • Health Effects: Strong evidence of this being a skin toxicant and allergen. Cosmetic Ingredient Review has strong evidence that BAC is a skin toxicant or allergen. This is not suspected to be an environmental toxin.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low to Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Restricted in Canada, Japan and Cosmetic Ingredient Review.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    230. Alkyl dimethylbenzyl ammonium chloride (See BAC)
    231. Quarternary ammonium compounds (See BAC)
    232. Benzylcoco alkyldimethyl (See BAC)
    233. Chlorides (See BAC)
    234. Guar hydroxypropyltrimonium chloride (See BAC)
    235. Lead Acetate (See Lead)
      • Other Names: acetic acid, lead salt; lead diacetate; lead salt acetic acid; plumbous acetate; acetate de plomb (french) ; bleiacetat (german) ; dibasic lead acetate; lead diacetate; lead dibasic acetate; lead (2+) acetate; lead (ii) acetate
      • Common Products: Hair Color and Bleaching, Conditioner
      • Health Effects: It is a known reproductive and developmental toxicant. Harmful to the respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, liver and kidney systems. Toxic to the environment and is bioaccumulative in humans and animals.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Highest rating of concern
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Possibly, limited evidence by California EPA Proposition 65 and European Union. 
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, banned by Canada and CosIng. Not approved by the FDA for cosmetics used around the eyes.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    236. Thimerosal (See Lead)
      • Other Names: ethyl (2-mercaptobenzoato-s) mercury, sodium salt; sodium ethylmercurithiosalicylate; sodium salt ethyl (2-mercaptobenzoato-s) mercury; thiomersal; ( (o-carboxyphenyl) thio) ethylmercury sodium salt; elicide; ethyl (sodium o-mercaptobenzoato) mercury; ethyl (2-mercaptobenzoato-s) mercury sodium salt; ethylmercurithiosalicylic acid sodium salt; ethylmerkurithiosalicilan sodny (czech) ; mercurothiolate
      • Common Products: A mercury based preservative used in vaccines and cosmetics. FDA has banned the use of mercury compounds in all cosmetics except those used around the eyes with limits of 66 PPM.
      • Health Effects: Neurotoxicity, Bioaccumulation, Developmental and Reproductive destruction and toxicity.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: High
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: Limited evidence.
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: Yes, both.
      • Back to Table of Contents
    237. Hydrogenated Cotton Seed Oil (See Lead)
      • Other Names: cottonseed oil, hydrogenated
      • Common Products: Eye Liner, Brow Liner, Lip Liner
      • Health Effects: It is found safe to use in cosmetics with some concentration limitations by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review. However, there can be contamination concerns with chemicals like mercury, arsenic, lead, gossypol, pesticides and PCBS.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Medium
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents
    238. Sodium Hexametaphosphate (See Lead)
      • Other Names: graham's salt; hexasodium salt metaphosphoric acid; metaphosphoric acid (h6p6o18) , hexasodium salt; metaphosphoric acid, hexasodium salt; calgon; chemi-charl; hexametaphosphate, sodium salt; hmp; medi-calgon; natrium hexametaphosphat (german) ; polyphos
      • Common Products: Toothpaste, Mouthwash, Moisturizer
      • Health Effects: It is found safe to use in cosmetics with some concentration limitations by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review. However, for aerosolized products and products that may be used around the eyes or skin, it can cause irritation. There are contamination concerns with lead.
      • Toxic / Hazardous Ratings: Low
      • Cancer Causing Suspect: No
      • Is This Ingredient Banned by the EU or Canada: No
      • Back to Table of Contents

     

    Other Ingredients that could be harmful if misused, concentrations are not followed, contamination happens or it's detrimental to the environment: